Pirate FlagPirates and PrivateersPirate Flag
The History of Maritime Piracy

Cindy Vallar, Editor & Reviewer
P.O. Box 425, Keller, TX  76244-0425

Pirate Links
Book Reviews
Thistles & Pirates

Pyrate Surgeons and Medicine at Sea Resources

Compiled By Cindy Vallar

Skull and CrossbonesArticlesSkull and Crossbones

Anderson, Ron. “The Most Dangerous Man Aboard,” No Quarter Given (July 1999), 10-11.
Ashley, Richard. “Scurvey: Scourge of Long Voyages at Sea,” No Quarter Given (Sept. 1999), 4-5.

Bowden-Dan, Jane. “Diet, Dirt and Discipline: Medical Developments in Nelson’s Navy,” 
The Mariner’s Mirror 90:3 (Aug. 2004), 260-272.

Daniel, Mike. “Blackbeard’s Blockade of Charleston,” No Quarter Given (Sept. 1999), 11.

Daniel, Mike. “The French Pox,” No Quarter Given (Sept. 1999), 10.
“Dr. John Tweedy’s Bill of Medicine” found in John Franklin Jameson’s Privateering and Piracy in the Colonial Period, Illustrative Documents. Reprinted in No Quarter Given (Sept. 1999), 6.
Druett, Joan. “Privateer Medicine Chest,” No Quarter Given (Sept. 1999), 7-9.
Druett, Joan. “When the Master was the Medic,” No Quarter Given (July 1999), 6-7.

Eastman, Tamara. “The Medicine Chest,” No Quarter Given (July 1999), 5.

Eloesser, Leo. “Pirates and Buccaneer Doctors,” Annals of Medical History VIII:1, 31-60.

Lampe, Christine Markel. “Surgeons in the Sweet Trade,” No Quarter Given (July 1999), 8-9.

Lampe, Christine Markel. “Three Special Syringes,” No Quarter Given (July 1999), 5.
Longfield-Jones, G. M. "Buccaneering Doctors," Medical History 36 (1992), 187-206.
Loosmore, Brian. “James Lind: Savior of the Navy,” History Magazine (June/July 2004), 47-48.

Malt, Ronald A. “Lionel Wafer—Surgeon to the Buccaneers,” Journal of the History of
Medicine and Allied Sciences. XIV:10 (Oct., 1959), 459-474.

Stewart, Wesley. “Sea-going Surgeons,” No Quarter Given (July 1999), 4.

Skull and CrossbonesBooks & ReportsSkull and Crossbones
Brown, Stephen R. Scurvy: How a Surgeon, a Mariner, and a Gentleman Solved the Greatest Medical Mystery of the Age of Sail. St. Martin’s Press, 2003.
Burl, Aubrey. Black Barty. Sutton, 2006.

Coote, Stephen. Drake: The Life and Legend of an Elizabethan Hero. St.
Martin’s, 2003.

Druett, Joan. Rough Medicine: Surgeons at Sea in the Age of Sail. Routledge, 2000.

Esquemeling, John. The Buccaneers of America. Rio Grande Press, 1992.
Estes, J. Worth. Naval Surgeon: Life and Death at Sea in the Age of Sail. Science History Publications, 1998.
Exquemelin, Alexander O. The Buccaneers of America. Dover, 2000.

Friedenberg, Zachary B. Medicine Under Sail. Naval Institute Press, 2002.

Gordon, Maurice Bear. Naval and Maritime Medicine During the American Revolution. Ventnor, 1978.
Goss, Philip. The Pirates’ Who’s Who. Rio Grande Press, 1924.
Graham, Eric J. Seawolves: Pirates and the Scots. Birlinn, 2005.

Langley, Harold D. A History of Medicine in the Early U.S. Navy. Johns Hopkins University, 1995.
Lee, Robert E. Blackbeard the Pirate: A Reappraisal of His Life and Times. John F. Blair, 2002.
Little, Benerson. The Sea Rover’s Practice. Potomac Books, 2005.
Lowry, James. Fiddlers and Whores: The Candid Memoris of a Surgeon in Nelson’s Fleet. Chatham, 2006.

Marley, David F. Pirates and Privateers of the Americas. ABC-Clio, 1994.
Marx, Jenifer. Pirates and Privateers of the Caribbean. Kriegar, 1992.

Osler, William. "Thomas Dover Physician and Buccaneer" in An Alabama Student and Other Biographical Essays. Clarendon Press, 1999, 19-36.

Rediker, Marcus. Between the Devil & the Deep Blue Sea. Cambridge University, 1987.
Roddis, Louis H. A Short History of Nautical Medicine. Harper & Brothers, 1941.

Selinger, Gail. Complete Idiot’s Guide to Pirates. Penguin, 2006.

Thrower, W. R. Life at Sea in the Age of Sail. Phillimore, 1972.
Trotter, Thomas. Medicina Nautica. T. Cadell, 1804.

Vogel, Karl. “Medicine at Sea in the Days of Sail,” Milestones in Medicine: Laity Lectures of the New York Academy of Medicine. Appleton-Century, 1938.
Vogel, Karl. Sea Surgeons in the Days of Oak and Hemp. Charaka Club, 1935.
Skull and CrossbonesWeb SitesSkull and Crossbones

The Barber Surgeon  aboard the Mary Rose
Dr. Peter Scudamore, a Surgeon and Apothecary, Hanged as a Pirate in 1722
HMS Victory Virtual Tour: Sick Bay
The Maritime History Virtual Archives: Medicine
Mystic Seaport’s G. W. Blunt White Library: Mariner’s Medical Guide
Naval Medicine in 1812 by Robert Mayer
Pirate Documents: Ship’s Surgeon 1703
The Pirate Surgeon's Journal: Finding & Obtaining Period Documents
Red Gold
USS Constitution Virtual Tour: Surgeon's Cockpit and Sick Bay

© 2007 Cindy Vallar

Pirate Articles
Pirate Links
Book Reviews
Thistles & Pirates

Cannoneer -- contact me
Click on the Cannon to Contact Me