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The History of Maritime Piracy

Cindy Vallar, Editor & Reviewer
P.O. Box 425, Keller, TX  76244-0425

Pirate Articles
Pirate Links
Book Reviews
Thistles & Pirates

Modern Piracy Resources

Compiled By Cindy Vallar
Updated 21 December 2021


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2009                2008                2007                2006                2005                2004                2003                2002                2001                2000

1999                 1998                1997

BOOKS, PRESS RELEASES, & REPORTS                        PODCASTS, SPEECHES & VIDEOS                            WEBSITES

(Please note: Some of these sources may still be available online at alternate websites. Try searching for the title and/or article to locate them or visit your local library and obtain them via Interlibrary Loan.)

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Bloomberg. "Piracy Surge off West Africa Prompts Mersk Call for Action," gCaptain 18 January 2021.

Grady, John. "Threats to Merchant Ships Growing; Mariners Face Pirates, Lethal Drones," USNI News 5 August 2021.

New articleMahadzir, Dzirhan. "Danish Navy Frigate Kills 4 Pirates in Gulf of Guinea Anti-Piracy Mission," USNI News 25 November 2021.

Ralby, Ian. "Looking Past Gulf of Guinea Piracy: Chinese Twins, 'Ghanaian' Fishing, and Domain Awareness," Center for International Maritime Security 17 March 2021.
Robinson, Selina, and Amy Meenaghan. "Use Virtual Reality to Prepare Maritime Crews for Terrorist and Piracy Attacks," Center for International Maritime Security 6 September 2021.

Schuler, Mike. "Caution Urged as Global Piracy Falls to Lowest Level in 27 Years," gCaptain 13 July 2021.

"Will Drones and Warships Be Enough to Tackle the World's Latest Piracy Hotspot?" gCaptain 17 August 2021.

Hassan, Abdiqani, and Katharine Houreld. "Somali Pirates Release Last Three Hostages as Armed Men Attack Panama-flagged Ship," Reuters 20 August 2020.
Long, Drake. "Thinking Like a Pirate: Contesting Southeast Asia's Chokepoints," Center for International Maritime Security 5 June 2020.

Menzel, Anja. "Regional Maritime Security Governance and the Challenges of State Cooperation on Piracy," CIMSEC 24 July 2020.

Schuler, Mike. "IMB Piracy Report: Crew Kidnappings Surge in Gulf of Guinea," gCaptain 14 October 2020.
Schuler, Mike. "Pirate Attack: Italian Navy Protects Tanker in Gulf of Guinea," gCaptain 12 November 2020.
Schuler, Mike. "Pirates Release 'Happy Lady' Crew Members," gCaptain 22 January 2020.
Semple, Kirk. "Piracy Surges in Gulf of Mexico, Prompting U.S. Warning," The New York Times 18 June 2020.

Babalola, Yusuf. "Pirates Attack 88 Vessels Calling at Nigerian Seaports in 1 Year," Leadership 28 February 2019.
"BIMCO Urges International
Action in Piracy Fight," Port Technology 23 January 2019.
Bloomberg. "Opinion: How to Stop Pirates Plaguing West Africa," gCaptain 2 July 2019.

"IMB: Piracy Incidents Down in 2019, But Gulf of Guinea Risks Remain," gCaptain 16 October 2019.
"IMB: Piracy Increased in 2018, Gulf of Guinea 'increasingly dangerous'," Safety4Sea 19 January 2019.

"Mapping Maritime Piracy and Armed Robbery in Parts of the World," Safety4Sea 16 January 2019.
MAREX. "U. N. Security Council Focuses Its Attention on Maritime Crime," The Maritime Executive 5 February 2019.
"ReCAAP ISC: January-August Incidents Decreased by 25%," Safety4Sea 12 September 2019.

"10-year Low of Piracy Incidents Reported in First Half of Year," Safety4Sea 18 July 2018.
"35 Seafarers Kidnapped in Gulf of Guinea in First Half of 2018," Safety4Sea 2 August 2018.

"BMP5: Updated Best Practices to Deter Piracy Issued," Safety4Sea 29 June 2018.

"Chinese Piracy: A Crime of Desperation," The News Lens 25 May 2018.
Cunningham, Anna. "Keeping Pirates at Bay: On Board with the Canadian Navy Off the Coast of Nigeria," CBC 27 March 2018.

"The Human Cost of Piracy in 2017 in Numbers," Safety4Sea 24 May 2018.

"IMB: 156 Piracy Incidents Reported in the First Nine Months of 2018," Safety4Sea 29 October 2018.
"India Sets Out Security and Welfare Measures for Seafarers," Safety4Sea 27 July 2018.

"Maritime Piracy: Nigeria Loses US$2.74bn in Four Years," Hellenic Shipping News 26 November 2018.

Onyekwere, Joseph. "'There Is No Comprehensive Piracy Law in Nigeria'," The Guardian 26 June 2018.

"Piracy Danger Continues in Gulf of Guinea, IMB Says," Safety4Sea 25 July 2018.
"Piracy on the Rise in Latin America and the Caribbean," Saftey4Sea 25 May 2018.

Reva, Denys. "Somalia: Ten Years On, Is Somali Piracy Still a Threat?" allAfrica 7 November 2018.

Spilman, Rick. "The Collapse of Venezuela & the New Pirates of the Caribbean," Old Salt Blog 13 August 2018.

"Union Cabinet Approves Stringent Anti-piracy Law," The Economic Times 1 August 2018.

Badam, Ramola Talwar. "In Depth: The Human Cost of Piracy," The National 3 July 2017.

Chambers, Sam. "Crew Kidnappings Highest in a Decade," Splash 24/7 10 January 2017.

"Developments in Somali and South East Asian Piracy," Hellenic Shipping News 1 August 2017.
Dore, Bhavya. "Captured by Somali Pirates: Indian Hostages Recall Terrifying, Tedious Ordeals," Scroll.in 4 April 2017.

"ICC-IMB: World-wide Incidents of Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships from Jan to Sept 2017," Maritime Cyprus 20 October 2017.
"IMB Piracy Report: Sea Kidnappings Rise in 2016 Despite Plummeting Global Piracy," gCaptain 10 January 2017.

Joles, Tom. "Real-life Pirates Terrorize New Mexico Man," KOB4 20 January 2017.

"Maritime Piracy Down in 2017," gCaptain 18 October 2017.
McKnight, Terry. "End Piracy in the Gulf of Aden," Proceedings Today (June 2017) 143:6.

"Piracy Spikes Shipowners' Demand for Kidnap and Ransom Insurance," Maritime Cyprus 23 May 2017.
Reuters. "Somali Pirates Flee Indian Dhow, Taking Crew Hostage," gCaptain 10 April 2017.

Schuler, Mike. "Somali Pirate Sentenced to Life in Prison for Attack on US Navy Ship," gCaptain 26 April 2017.
"Somali Pirates Hijack First Commercial Ship Since 2012," Reuters 14 March 2017.
"Somali Ship Hijack: Pirates Release Vessel without Ransom," BBC News 16 March 2017.
Steffen, Dirk. "Gulf of Guinea Maritime Security in 2016," CIMSEC 11 April 2017.

Tallis, Joshua. "Is Somali Piracy Back?" CIMSEC 14 March 2017.
Tatu, Zamzam. "Why Be a Pirate? Understanding Motivations for Piracy," piracy-studies.org 27 June 2017.
Thompson, Neil. "Asia's Deadly Pirates," The Diplomat 21 June 2017.

Walker, Timothy. "Fighting Somali Piracy: Don't Get the Next Steps Wrong," Institute for Security Studies 27 March 2017.

Athanase, Patsy, and Betymie Bonnelame. "A Riddle: If Pirate Attacks Drop to Zero, Should Contact Group on Piracy Still Exist?" Seychelles News Agency 31 May 2016.

"Benin's Anti-piracy Fight Gives Maritime Nation 'Life Insurance', Capital News 2 November 2016.
Bueger, Christian. "NATO's Fight Against Somali Pirates: The End of an Unsung Success Story," Piracy Studies 21 December 2016.

Cochrane, Joe. "Southeast Asia Replaces Africa as the World's Hotbed of Piracy," The New York Times 17 September 2016.

Faul, Michelle. "Navies from the United States, Ghana, Togo and Nigeria Track Hijacked Tanker through Waters off Five Countries Before Nigerian Naval Forces Storm Aboard," US News 27 February 2016.

"Guidelines for Protection Against Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea Region," Maritime Cyprus 29 August 2016.

Handy, Gemma. "Yachters Fight Back Against Real-life Pirates of the Caribbean," BBC News 15 September 2016.

"IMB: Piracy Hotspots Persist Worldwide Despite Reductions in Key Areas," gCaptain 2 February 2016.
"IMB: Sea Piracy Drops to 21-year Low," Safety4Sea 25 July 2016.
"Indian Fisherman Dies in Pirate Attack," The Maritime Executive 17 January 2016.

Johnson, Steve. "Pirate Attacks Fall to 21-year Low," Financial Times 25 August 2016.

Kaufman, Alexander C. "Cheap Oil Is Taking a Major Toll on Pirates," Huffington Post 20 March 2016.
Keefe, Joseph. "Pirates, Politics & Protection: Like Oil & Water, They Don't Mix," Maritime Professional 19 January 2016.
"Kidnapped Indian Sailor in Africa Freed," Business Standard 20 March 2016.

Lubin, Gus. "'It Made Me Cry. I Don't Cry Easily': Inside the Mission to Free 26 Hostages after 5 Years in Somalia," Business Insider 26 October 2016.
Lubis, Anggi M. "Piracy Is a Myth, Illegal Fishing More Pressing Concern," The Jakarta Post 28 May 2016.

MarEx. "A Hostage Story," Maritime Executive 28 June 2016.
MarEx. "ReCAAP: Asian Piracy at Lowest Level in Four Years," Maritime Executive 8 June 2016.
"Maritime Crime in South East Asia Drops to Lowest Levels for a Decade While Kidnap, Ransom and Sabotage Surge in Gulf of Guinea," Dryad Maritime 13 April 2016.
Mohindru, Sameer C., and Surabhi Sahu. "Global Piracy Focus Shifts to Gulf of Guinea," Platts 29 August 2016.

Neighbor, Joseph. "Somali Piracy is on the Wane -- and Here's Why," Motherboard 18 January 2016.
"No Short-term Fix in Battle Against Piracy," Gray Page 23 August 2016.

Oche, Ochulor. "Fighting Piracy Will Improve Economy -- Gbajabiamila," Today 8 June 2016.
Otto, Lisa. "Maritime Crime in Nigeria and Waters Beyond: A New Dataset, 2009 to 2013," Piracy-Studies.org 12 April 2016.

"Piracy on the Decline: Concerted Action Shows Results," Politically Speaking 1 May 2016.
Paraskova, Tsvetana. "Pirates Threaten Oil and Gas Shipping in the Red Sea," OilPrice.com 3 November 2016.

Rabu. "Philippine Government Discovers Location of Hijackers," Antaranews.com 30 March 2016.
Reuters. "Southeast Asia Nations Create Shipping Corridor in Battle Against Piracy," gCaptain 20 June 2016.

Schuler, Mike. "EU NAVFOR: Somali Pirates Attack First Ship in Two and a Half Years," gCaptain 4 November 2016.
Schuler, Mike. "Somali Pirate Kingpin Gets 20 Years in Jail," gCaptain 14 March 2016.
Simpson, Lynn. "Live Animal Export: At Risk from Pirates," Splash 24/7 18 August 2016.
Slav, Irina. "Massive Oil Theft By Pirates Costs Nigeria $1.5 Billion Every Month," OilPrice.com 27 April 2016.
"Somali Piracy Is Down, Not Out," Daily Mail 7 April 2016.
"Somali Pirates Face Trial in France Over Deadly Hijacking," France 24 29 March 2016.
"Somali Pirates Jailed by French Court for Fatal Hijacking," news24 14 April, 2016.
"Somali Pirates Head to Court in Paris Over 2011 Hijacking of Sailing Yacht," gCaptain 29 March 2016.
Steffen, Dirk. "A Niger Delta Militant Group Declares War on the Nigerian Navy," Center for International Maritime Security 30 April 2016.
Stein, Chris.
"Sailors Pay Price as W. African Pirates Shift Tactics," Voice of America 3 May 2016.
Szoldra, Paul. "High-tech Pirates Hacked a Shipping Company to Figure Out the Perfect Vessels to Plunder," Tech Insider 1 March 2016.

"UN Urges Stronger Regional Approach to Gulf of Guinea Piracy," gCaptain 26 April 2016.
Uranie, Sharon. "Pirates Face Court," Maritime Security Review 13 June 2016.

"Violent Pirate Attacks Increase in Gulf of Guinea Despite Global Downturn, IMB Says," gCaptain 29 April 2016.
Von Hoesslin, Karsten. "The Economics of Product Theft Favours the Pirates," Tanker Shipping & Trade 19 October 2016.

"West Africa, Gulf of Guinea -- Security Risk Caution and Guidance for Vessels and Owners," Maritime Cyprus 3 March 2016.
Westberg, Andreas Bruvik. "Anti-piracy in a sea of predation: the Interaction of Navies, Fishermen and Pirates off the Coast of Somalia," Journal of the Indian Ocean Region 15 October 2015.
"What's Next for Piracy?" gCaptain 11 March 2016.

Yee, Gerald, and Nazirah K. Din. "The Continuing Surge of Piracy in South-East Asia," Maritime Cyprus 15 January 2016.


"6 Things You Need to Know about Piracy Right Now," Boat October 2015.

Africa Defense Forum. "Pirates Seek Out Weak Spots in the Gulf of Guinea," defenceWeb 12 November 2015.
"Arrests and Prosecutions -- a Positive Response to Piracy," ICC 2 November 2015.
"As Somali Sea-Piracy Declines, Attention Turns to Southeast Asia and Other Regions," Hellenic Shipping News 14 July 2015.

Bartlett, Charlie. "Piracy Embers Still Aglow in Somalia," Puntland News 24 4 September 2015.
Berube, Claude. "China's Anti-piracy Flotillas: By the Numbers," Center for International Maritime Security 15 April 2015.
"BNI ordered to grant access to Nigerian pirates," Ghana to Ghana 20 February 2015.
Boren, Zachary Davies. "The New Pirate Era: 6 Charts that Reveal How Piracy Has Changed and Grown in Recent Years," The Independent 22 May 2015.
Brennan, Elliot. "Here Be Pirates: Why Southeast Asia Needs to Boost Maritime Cooperation," The Interpreter 24 July 2015.

Dryad Maritime. "2014: Gulf of Guinea Piracy Declines 18%," The Maritime Executive 27 January 2015.

Ebbighausen, Rodion. "Southeast Asia - a Pirates' Paradise," DW.com 22 July 2015.
Evans, Brian. "Piracy 2.0: The Net-centric Evolution," Center for International Maritime Security 23 August 2015.

 Gardham, Duncan. "Inside the British battle to wipe out the scurge of Somali pirates," Daily Mail 13 February 2015.

Harding, Andrew. "Somalia Warns of Return to Piracy," BBC News 31 August 2015.

"IMB Piracy Report Reveals Continued SE Asian Attacks Against Small Tankers," Safety4Sea 23 July 2015.
"Iran Navy Foils Pirate Attack on Vessel in Gulf of Aden," PressTV 17 August 20115.

Kamal-Deen, Ali. "The Anatomy of Gulf of Guinea Piracy," Naval War College Review 68:1 (Winter 2015), 93-118.
Khattak, Taj M. "Exclusion of EEZ from High Risk Piracy," The News 19 November 2015.

Laursen, Wendy. "Ghana Takes Lead in New Piracy Initiative," The Maritime Executive 27 July 2015.

MacAskill, Ewen, Seumas Milne, and Clayton Swisher. "Italian Intelligence Lied About Hostage Rescue to Hide Ransom Payment," The Guardian 8 October 2015.
Malbrook, Julia, and Sharon Uranie. "The Seychelles Anti-piracy Model," Maritime Secuirty Review 23 October 2015.
"Maritime Crime Figures for Q1 2015," Dryad Maritime 20 April 2015.
Moore, Michael Scott. "My 977 Days Held Hostage by Somali Pirates," The Guardian 2 June 2015.

Nan. "Stakeholders Express Worry Over Spate of Piracy on Nigerian Waters," Leadership 5 July 2015.

Odhiambo, Allan. "Military Surveillance Keeps Somali Pirates at Bay," allAfrica.com 29 July 2015.
Osazuwa, Aghatise. "Pirates Drown Seven Months Old Baby in Akwa Ibom," Nigeria World News July 2015.
Osinowo, Adeniyi Ademjimi. "The Way Forward in Stopping Piracy," defenceWeb 20 October 2015.

Pandey, Sanjay. "Pirates of the Bay of Bengal," Al Jazeera 16 September 2015.
Pflanz, Mike. "Kenyan sentenced to death over Judith Tebbutt pirate kidnap could be freed thanks to British data protection laws," The Telegraph 4 March 2015.
"Possum Anti-boarding System: Filling the Void in Piracy Response," Center for International Maritime Security 30 April 2015.

Rhodes, TS. "A True, Modern Pirate Story," The Pirate Empire 13 July 2015.
Rönsberg, Andrea. "Trial Against Alleged Somali Pirate Kingpin Begins," DW 17 September 2015.

Schoer, Tenna. "Dramatic Weekend in the Malacca Strait," Shipping Watch 24 August 2015.
Schuler, Mike. "Pirates Board Three Ships in Three Hours in Singapore Strait," gCaptain 17 June 2015.

"Security Council Renews Measures to Combat Piracy, Armed Robbery off Somali Coast, Unanimously Adopting Resoultion 2446 (2015)," StarAfrica 11 November 2015.
Shan, Hoe Pei. "Piracy in Asia on the Rise," asiaone 11 May 2015.

Sjolin, Sara. "Forget Somalia -- this is the new sea piracy hot spot," Market Watch 7 October 2015.
Sofge, Erik. "The High-tech Battle Against Pirates," Popular Science April 2015.

"South East Asia tanker hijacks higher in 2014," Safety4Sea 14 January 2015.
Steffen, Dirk. "Quantifying Piracy Trends in the Gulf of Guinea -- Who's Right and Who's Wrong?" USNI News 19 June 2015.
Sterio, Milena. "European Court of Human Rights Orders France to Pay Damages to Somali Pirates," Communis Hostis Omnium 7 January 2015.
Sterio, Milena. "A Proposed African Court with Jurisdiction Over Piracy: How Will This Work?", Communis Hostis Omnium 11 March 2015.

Templin, Steel. "Maritime Piracy -- A Global Issue," CIMSEC 10 February 2015.

Uranie, Sharon. "Seychelles Highest Court Acquits 8 Somalis Including Minor in Piracy-related Appeal Cases," Seychelles News Agency 3 September 2015.

"Vietnamese Coast Guards vs. Pirates -- P1: a Face-to-face Encounter," Tuoi Tre News 30 June 2015. (part 2) (part 3)

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Abell, Bryan. "West African piracy: 7 trends you need to know," gCaptain 3 May 2014.
Almeida, Rob. "Kidnapped off Nigeria -- An American Ship Captain Unveils the Truth," gCaptain 4 April 2014.
Amla, Hajira, and Bella Damoo. "Japanese government donates radio broadcasting station to Seychelles," Seychelles News Agency 30 July 2014.
Anderson, Kenneth. "Readings: 'Using Force on land to suppress piracy at sea,' by Steven R. Obert," Lawfare 1 February 2014.
Anyiam, Herbert. "The Legalities of Gulf of Guinea Maritime Crime with Suggested Solutions," Center for International Maritime Security 17 July 2014.
"Apprehension of suspects," Maritime Security Review 21 January 2014.

Badam, Ramola Talwar. "Anti-piracy group sets target for family fund," The National 28 October 2014.
Badam, Ramola Talwar. "'It was do or die': Somali pirates' hostages tell of dramatic escape," The National 10 June 2014.
Badam, Ramola Talwar. "Ships warned that piracy still exists," The National 27 October 2014.
Baker, Berenice. "Target oil and gas -- pirate's new booty in Southeast Asia," Ship-technology.com 18 November 2014.
Beardsley, Steven. "For a different African piracy problem, Navy seeks solutions on shore," Stars and Stripes 21 January 2014.
Blombaum, C. "The Congo: A New Piracy Target?", Guardian Global Resources -- West Africa 12 August 2014.
Bradsher, Keith. "Recent Tanker Hijackings Add to Problems in the South China Sea," The New York Times 8 July 2014.
Bridger, James. "Kidnapping Resurgent in Gulf of Guinea Piracy," Officer of the Watch 2 April 2014.
Bridger, James. "Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea: Oil soaked pirates," USNI News 10 March 2014.
Bridger, James M. "West African Piracy: Extreme Violence and Inadequate Security," gCaptain 12 May 2014.
Bridger, James M. "The World's Most Violent Pirates," USNI News 12 May 2014.
Brimah, Perry. "As Nigeria tops world in dangerous high seas piracy," Modern Ghana 4 March 2014.
Bueger, Christian. "Why Fighting Pirates in African Waters Is Crucial to Our Security," The Conversation 24 July 2014.
Bueger, Christian, and Anna Leander. "Technological Solutions to the Piracy Problem? Lessons Learned from Counter Piracy off the Horn of Africa," Piracy Studies 5 June 2014.

Carrington, Damian. "Illegal fishing: 21st-century pirates plunder treasures of Costa Rica's seas," The Guardian 8 May 2014.
Childress, Lillian. "Captain Phillips Talks Captivity," Yale Daily News 16 April 2014.
Coggins, Bridget. "Maritime Piracy: A Chronic by Manageable Threat," ISN 15 April 2014.
Coggins, Bridget Leehy, and J. James Kim. "How Korea can better manage maritime piracy and terror," The Asian Institute for Policy Studies 10 March 2014.
Cohen, Steven, and Terence McKnight. "Pirates Suddenly Emerging against Merchant Vessels off New Coast of Africa," The Sun 10 June 2014.

"Drop in Sea Piracy Helped by Big Somali Improvement, Says Watchdog," BBC News 15 January 2014.

Ebipade-Yenagoa, Austin. "Corpses of policemen slain by pirates recovered in Bayelsa," Nigerian Tribune 29 October 2014.
"Electronic weapons: Nigeria puts long eyes on the pirates," Strategy Page 22 January 2014.
Elwell, Andrew. "Create jobs not jails to fight maritime crime, says Somaliland's counter-piracy chief," Defence iQ 3 December 2014.
Eziukwu, Arodiegwu. "Pirates attack passenger boat, kill businesswoman in Bayelsa," Premium Times 27 January 2014.

Ghedi, Ali Omar. "Addressing holistically the issue of piracy in the horn of Africa," Somalia Current 11 February 2014.
Graham, Euan. "Syphoning Confidence: Piracy and Fuel Theft in Southeast Asia -- Analysis," Eurasia Review 18 November 2014.
"Guidelines for protection against piracy in the Gulf of Guinea," Safety4Sea 9 September 2014.

Hafeez, Mateen. "Somali Pirates Trial: Deposition of 18 Foreigners Begins," The Times of India 26 March 2014.
Hamzah, Al-Zaquan Amer, and Keith Wallis. "Pirates Kidnap Three from Japanese Tanke in Malacca Strait," gCaptain 23 April 2014.
Harper, Mary. "Danger zone: Chasing West Africa's pirates," BBC News 13 November 2014.
Herman, Steve. "Malaysian Tanker Hijacked on South China Sea," Voice of America 16 July 2014.

Iwori, John. "Nigeria: Lack of prosecution powers weakens NIMASA's fight against piracy," AllAfrica 24 January 2014.

Jamieson, Alastair. "Kidnapped Captain: How I Survived Den of Crack-smoking Pirates," NBC News 4 April 2014.
"Jewel Ahiable and the MV Iceberg 1 crew," Politically Incorrect 3 February 2014.
Johnson, Keith. "Is the epicentre of piracy shifting out of Somalia?", Gulfnews.com 4 February 2014.
Johnson, Keith. "Oil pirates and the mystery ship," Foreign Policy 29 January 2014.
Johnson, M. A. "Curbing the excesses of maritime piracy in Africa," Business Day 5 August 2014.
Jurado, Angeles. "The Thriving Business of Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea," Neptune Maritime Security 2 April 2014.
Keenan, Jill. "Somalia: Inside the Pirates' Prison," Twin Cities Pioneer Press 31 March 2014.
Knight, Jessica. "The myth of West Africa's piracy problem," gCaptain 15 February 2014.
Kraska, James. "Is Piracy Eradicated?" ISN 14 April 2014.
Kuo, Lily. "Why pirate attacks are falling everywhere in the world except for Southeast Asia," Quartz 23 April 2014.

"Laws against piracy seriously flawed," University of Portsmouth News 5 August 2014.
"Lessons Learned from the Gulf of Aden Operations," ISN 24 June 2014.

Marex. "Captain Phillips Wants Pirates' Nests Eradicated," The Maritime Executive 2 July 2014.
Marex. "Pirates scared off in South China Sea," The Maritime Executive 16 June 2014.
Marex. "When Piracy Is Just Armed Robbery," The Maritime Executive 19 July 2014.
Marex. "Why Some Somali Clans Protect Pirates While Others Don't," The Maritime Executive 11 July 2014.
"Maritime Security Firms Adapt to Changes in Piracy, Stiff Competition," gCaptain 3 December 2014.
Marshall, Andrew R. C. "Petro-pirates Plague Busy Southeast Shipping Lanes," gCaptain 9 July 2014.
Millward, David. "Woman who led Captain Phillips rescue becomes US navy's second in command," The Telegraph 2 July 2014.
"MV Albedo Hostages Released," MPHRP Newsletter June 2014.
"MV-Gare Piracy Scandal: How sea pirates hoodwinked naval command," The Will 28 July 2014.

O'Brien, Melanie. "Where Security Meets Justice: Prosecuting Maritime Piracy in the International Criminal Court," Asian Journal International Law 4:1 (January 2014), 81-102.
Odhiambo, Allan. "Kenya pushes for joint war on Indian Ocean pirates," The East African 13 March 2014.

Park, Kyunghee. "Singapore to Use Radar Blimp to Boost Piracy, Aviation Surveillance," gCaptain 3 November 2014.
Paulet, Lizabeth. "Piracy Collapses in Somalia, But Don't Celebrate Yet," Care2 16 July 2014.
Pinsker, Joe. "The pirate economy," The Atlantic 16 April 2014.
"Pirates Kill Vietnamese Crew Member as Regional Hijackings Rise," Bloomberg 8 December 2014.
Prins, Brandon. "Counter-Piracy at Sea Will Likely Fail," The Maritime Executive 11 November 2014.
Prins, Brandon. "What Drives Maritime Piracy in Sub-Saharan Africa?" Piracy-Studies.Org 11 November 2014.

Rider, David. "Hijacked Captain Discusses His Ordeal," Maritime Security Review 27 June 2014.
"Rise of Maritime Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea," Officer of the Watch 19 March 2014.

Schuler, Mike. "Onboard NATO's counter-piracy flagship," gCaptain 12 March 2014.
Schuler, Mike. "Somali Pirates' First Hijacking Attempt of 2014 Ends with Arrests," gCaptain 20 January 2014.
Schuler, Mike. "Somali Pirates Free Seven Hostages More Than 4 Years After Hijacking," gCaptain 30 October 2014.
Schuler, Mike. "U.S. to drop charges against CEC future pirate negotiator," gCaptain 10 February 2014.
Schuler, Mike. "Worldwide piracy at lowest level since 2007-IMB," gCaptain 24 April 2014.
"Sea Transportation: The Virtue of Fighting Back," Strategy Page 6 August 2014.
Shah, Riddhi K. "Piracy and floating armouries in the Indian Ocean: Risk or a solution?", Eurasia Review 23 April 2014.
Shettar, Girija. "Protecting the Rights of Children Suspected of Piracy," IHS Maritime Research & Analysis Round-up 16 January 2014.
"Somalia: Kamal Gutale Involved Piracy While Working in Villa Somalia," allAfrica 2 December 2014.
"Somalia: Pirates attack luxury cruise liner at sea," AllAfrica 1 March 2014.
"Somalia: Winning the War on Piracy," SomaliCurrent 29 June 2014.

Stackhouse, Laura. "The changing faces of piracy," Marine Trader 1 May 2014.
Starr, Stephen. "Maritime piracy on the rise in West Africa," Combating Terrorism Center 28 April 2014.
Sterio, Milena. "Dismissal of charges in U.S. v. Ali," Communis Hostis Omnium 15 February 2014.
Sterio, Milena. "Mauritius Court Acquits Twelve Somali Piracy Suspects," Communis Hostis Omnium 12 November 2014.
Sterio, Milena. "Piracy in West Africa: A new model (unfortunately)?", Communis Hostis Omnium 2 February 2014.
Stutts, Jordan. "Oil Is Treasure as African Piracy Shifts West," Horseed Media 22 April 2014.
Sudhir, S. N. V. "Hostages survive it all," Deccan Chronicle 21 November 2014.

"Ten Things You Should Know about West African Piracy," Gray Page 16 July 2014.
Thompson, John. "The State of Piracy," The Shipping Tribune 27 August 2014.

"The ungoverned seas," The Economist 29 November 2014.
"UAE keen on tackling root causes of piracy: Abdullah," gulfnews.com 28 October 2014.
"UN renews anti-piracy plans," Maritime Security Review 13 November 2014.
Uranie, Sharon. "Seychelles court of appeal acquits 3 suspected Somali pirates convicted of piracy," Seychelles News Agency 16 December 2014.
Uranie, Sharon. "Seychelles government welcomes arrest of Somali pirate chief as positive step in ensuring security in the region," Seychelles News Agency 21 August 2014.
Utebor, Simon. "Pirates feared killed in gun battle with police," Punch 23 July 2014.
Walker, Timothy. "Africa: Sharp drop in African piracy - are we missing something," AllAfrica 27 January 2014.
Winn, Patrick. "The World Has a New Piracy Hotspot," Global Post 27 March 2014.

Zhu, Winnie. "Piracy Threat to Product Tankers on the Rise as Attacks Climb," gCaptain 29 October 2014.

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Abbas, Mohammed. "Britain Pledges Anti-Piracy Aid to Somalia," gCaptain 7 May 2013.
Abell, Bryan. "Nigerian versus Somali piracy: Eight differences you need to know," gCaptain 18 November 2013.
Ahlborn, Christiane. "Abjudicating Somali Piracy Cases -- German Courts in a Double Bind," Cambridge Journal of International and Comparative Law 3 January 2013.
Ahmed, Fatma M. "The Threat of Piracy on Somalia's Economy," Somalilandpress 20 December 2013.
"Akpobolokemi: Reports of Piracy in Nigerian Waters Exaggerated John Iwori," This Day Live 20 December 2013.
Akwiri, Joseph. "Somali pirates sentences in Mombasa for 2010 hijacking," gCaptain 23 October 2013.
Al Khoori, Ayesha. "Somali pirates have life sentences upheld by Federal Supreme Court," The National 19 December 2013.
Allison, Simon. "Winning the war against Somali piracy: so far, so good," Daily Maverick 22 October 2013.
Almeida, Rob. "Pirate Boats Can't Hide from 'Murica's Laser-guided Bombs," gCaptain 18 September 2013.
Andersen, Martin Edward. "Counter-piracy pioneer Terry McKnight talks about West Africa challenges," Piracy Daily 5 November 2013.
Andersen, Martin Edward. "New and old challenges posed by pirates of the Gulf of Guinea," Piracy Daily 28 August 2013.
Andersen, Ole. "European shipowners call for EU piracy effort in West Africa," ShippingWatch 1 August 2013.
Anderson, Becky, and Gisella Deputato. "Meet the tugboat captain who stared down armed pirates," CNN 26 November 2013.
"Anti-piracy protest held in Adado town," Bar Kulan 14 January 2013.
Ateba, Simon. "Travelogue: My Experience with Nigerian Pirates," PM News 3 March 2013.

Badam, Ramola Talwar. "As piracy attacks dwindle, ransom demands rise," The National 19 March 2013.
Badam, Ramola Talwar. "Freed Crew of UAE Tanker Royal Grace Anxious to Get Home," The National 13 March 2013.
Bahadur, Jay. "Somalia Offers Amnesty to Junior Pirates to End Hijackings," The Daily Beast 3 March 2013.
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GCaptain. "West African Piracy and its Growing Effect on US Interests," gCaptain 14 August 2013.
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Thanhauser, Bartholomew. "An Interview with Vanda Felbab-Brown," The SAIS Review of International Affairs 9 December 2013.
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Uddin, Sohel, Ronke Phillips, and Henry Austin. "'Fishing for crime': Desperation, lack of opportunities behind Nigerian piracy, experts say," NBC News 9 November 2013.
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"28 Online Resources for Maritime Piracy and Somali Pirates," Marine Insight 11 July 2012.

Abidi, Shahkar. "Piracy puts trade in choppy waters," DNA 12 April 2012.
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"Eleven suspected Somali pirates charged in US court," BBC News 24 April 2010.
"EU force frees Somali 'pirates'," BBC News 25 March 2010.

Fischborn, Bastian. "Combating Piracy: An Overview - Part II," The Three Swords :17 (10 May 2010), 54-61.
"Five pirates stand trial in the Netherlands," CNN 26 May 2010.
"Frustrated Pirates Seek Valuable Information," Strategy Page 7 March 2010.

Galrahn. "A. P. Moller Maersk Hires Security-Vessel for Anti-Piracy," Information Dissemination 4 January 2010.
Gettleman, Jeffrey. "In Somali Civil War, Both Sides Embrace Pirates," New York Times 1 September 2010.
Gettleman, Jeffrey, and Michael R. Gordon. "Pirates' Catch Exposed Route of Arms in  Sudan," New York Times December 2010.
Gettleman, Jeffrey, and Mohammed Ibrahim. "Insurgents' Seizure of a Pirate Base in Somalia Raises Questions about Its Future," New York Times 2 May 2010.
Goldman, David P. "Issue Letters of Marque against Somali Pirates!", First Things 13 July 2010.
Gopalan, Sandeep. "Put Pirates to the Sword," The Wall Street Journal 18 January 2010.
Grieshaber, Kirsten. "Forces free seized German cargo ship off Africa," The Washington Post 25 October 2010.
Grieshaber, Kirsten. "Pirates seize 2 ships off Kenya coast," Fort Worth Star-Telegram 25 October 2010.

Houreld, Katharine. "Officials vow to fight new wave of pirates," Fort Forth Star-Telegram 6 March 2010.
Houreld, Katharine. "Russian navy frees hijacked tanker," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 7 May 2010.
Hughes, David. "ICS: 'Governments must do more on piracy'," Maritime Global Net 18 January 2010.

Joshi, Rajesh. "Somali pirate given 30-year prison sentence," Lloyd's List 1 December 2010.

Katz, Gregory. "2 Ships hijacked off coast of Somalia," Fort Worth Star-Telegram 3 January 2010.
Knickermeyer, Ellen. "The Privateers of Yemen," Foreign Policy 17 November 2010.

Lubold, Gordon. "Navy Looks for New Ways to Fight Pirates," Military.com 19 April 2010.

Mackey, Robert. "China Reports Dolphins Foiled Pirate Attack," The Lede Blog: The New York Times 15 April 2010.
"Maersk says hired Tanzanian warship against pirates," Reuters 5 January 2010.
Martin, Capt. Alexander. "The Magellan Star: Pirate Takedown, Force Recon Style," U.S. Naval Institute Blog 10 September 2010.
Matthews, Steve. "Pirates hijack chemtanker as attack rate increase," Lloyd's List 12 November 2010.
Matthews, Steve. "Ransom payments escalate as Somali pirates up the ante," Lloyd's List 19 November 2010.
McCarthy, Liz. "Hijacked ships face bunker shortages on release," Lloyd's List 11 March 2010.
McConnell, Tristan. "Security guards shoot dead Somali pirate in attack on MV Almezaan cargo ship," Times Online 25 March 2010.
Meade, Richard. "Naval forces 'puzzled' by recent hijackings," Lloyd's List 4 January 2010.
Meade, Richard, and David Osler. "Nine die as crew retake cargoship," Lloyd's List 3 June 2010.
Milmo, Cahal. "Insurance firms plan private navy to take on Somali pirates," The Independent 28 September 2010.
Muhumed, Malkhadir M., and Katharine Houreld. "In strange turn, pirates send out an SOS," The Philadelphia Inquirer 19 January 2010.

"NATO troops free ship off Somalia after pirate attack," BBC News 5 February 2010.
"NATO warship sinks pirate ship off Somalia," WJLA 1 March 2010.
Negligan, Myles, and Lorraine Turner. "Piracy Insurance Premiums Take a Breather," Insurance Journal 2 April 2010.

O'Dell, Larry. "Trial underway for accused Somali pirates," NavyTimes 11 November 2010.
Odula, Tom. "EU force won't raid hijacked ships," Fort Worth Star-Telegram 23 January 2010.
Osler, David. "Council of Europe calls for rules on ant-piracy guards," Lloyd's List 27 May 2010.
Osler, David. "Five killed in attack on vessel off Cameroon," Lloyd's List 18 November 2010.
Osler, David. "Job creation key to defeating Somali piracy, says UN," Lloyd's List 11 November 2010.
Osler, David. "Pirates launch attack on Spanish warship, Lloyd's List 9 November 2010.
Osler, David. "Seventeen freed in first piracy acquittals," Lloyd's List 8 November 2010.
Osler, David. "Somali pirate shot dead by armed private security guard," Lloyd's List 25 March 2010.
Osler, David. "Somali pirates take Bulgarian chemtanker and Greek bulker," Lloyd's List 13 May 2010.
Osler, David. "Tanker hijack sees 24 crew held to ransom," Lloyd's List 2 November 2010.
Osler, David. "Turkish bulker is latest victim of Somali Pirates," Lloyd's List 9 April 2010.
Osler, David. "Yemen court sentences six pirates to death," Lloyd's List 19 May 2010.

Perry, Tony. "Gulf of Aden pirates are having less success," Los Angeles Times 10 March 2010.
Perry, Tony. "Marines storm ship, free crew and capture pirates," Fort Worth Star-Telegram 10 September 2010.
"Piracy on the High Seas: Ancient Terror Gains New Momentum," PressTV 8 July 2010.
"Pirate cook saves hostages, then disappears," stuff.co.nz 19 June 2010.
"'Pirate' dies as ship's guards repel attack off Somalia," BBC News 24 March 2010.
"Pirates could kill yacht couple 'in days,'" BBC News 21 January 2010.
"Pirates face life sentences in US," MWC News 25 November 2010.
"Pirates seize second UK-flagged vessel in days," BBC News  2 January 2010.
Porter, Janet. "Pirates extend reach as tanker is taken 900 miles off African coast," Lloyd's List 6 April 2010.

Redfern, Paul. "Piracy costs shipping firms over $100m annually, says report," The East African 8 March 2010.
"Russian forces storm tanker seized by Somali pirates," BBC News 6 May 2010.
"Russians storm oil tanker - pirate killed," stuff.co.nz 7 May 2010.

Shalal-Esa, Andrea. "Update 1-General Dynamics ship gets ready for US Navy," Reuters 5 January 2010.
Sisk, Richard. "U.S. Navy captures 5 Somali pirates, seizes mother ship off Kenya, Somali coasts," Daily News 1 April 2010.
"Somali man pleads guilty to seizing US merchant ship," BBC News 18 May 2010.
"Somali pirates abandon seized Turkish vessel," BBCNews 10 April 2010.
"Somali pirates free Greek tanker after record ransom," BBC News 18 January 2010.
"Somali pirates hijack Russian China-bound oil tanker," BBC News 5 May 2010.
"Somali pirates free UK couple Paul and Rachel Chandler," BBC News 14 November 2010.
"Somali pirates move captive ships as Islamists advance," BBC News 3 May 2010.
"Somali pirates receive record ransom for ships' release," BBC News Africa 6 November 2010.
"Somali Pirates Seize Indonesian Chemical Tanker," BBC News 2 January 2010.
"Somali pirates seize Russian oil tanker," Reuters 6 May 2010.
"Somali troops free pirate-held cargo ship," BBC News 3 June 2010.
"Somali troops storm cargo ship, pirates kill captain,"  stuff.co.nz 3 June 2010.
"South Korean navy pursues hijacked oil tanker," BBC News 5 April 2010.
Spearin, Christopher. "A Private Secutiry Solution to Somali Piracy?", Naval War College Review 63:4 (Autumn 2010).
Spilman, Richard. "Car carrier M/V Asian Glory Hijacked by Pirates & Maersk Hires a Navy Gunboat," Old Salt Blog 6 January 2010.
Spilman, Richard. "MV Lugela Hijacked then Freed off Somalia after Crew Retreats to Engine Room," Old Salt Blog 27 September 2010.
Spilman, Richard. "UK Government Says 'Don't Pay Ranson and Don't Arm Your Ships'," Old Salt Blog 26 January 2010.
"Suspected pirates to be tried in Virginia," USA Today 23 April 2010.
Szkotak, Steve. "Accused Somali pirates headed for US trial," Lebanon Daily News 6 November 2010.
Szkotak, Steve. "Piracy case against 5 Somalis goes to jury," KSRO 22 November 2010.
Szkotak, Steve. "U.S. jury convicts 5 Somalis of piracy," Austin American-Statesman 24 November 2010.

"Ten alleged Somali pirates face extradition to Germany," BBC News 4 June 2010.
"Trial of alleged Somali pirates opens in Netherlands," BBC News 25 May 2010.

"UN backs tougher stance against Somali piracy," BBC News 27 April 2010.
"U.S. conducts first piracy trial in over a century," Gulf Coast Maritime 23 November 2010.
"U.S. forces board pirate-captured vessel, seize control," CNN.com 9 September 2010.
"U.S. Navy frigate captures pirate mother ship," MSNBC 1 April 2010.

"Warships blasting Somali pirates out of water," USA Today 18 March 2010.
Wingrove, Martyn. "Second Zodiac vessel seized," Lloyd's List 4 January 2010.
Woodman, Richard. "It is governments' job to tackle piracy," Lloyd's List 25 June 2010.

Return to Top


Abdinur, Mustafa Haji. “Pirates say rocket attack on ship was revenge,” Sydney Morning Herald, 16 April 2009.
Abrams, Joseph. “Somali Pirates Keep Hundreds of Hostages in Pirate Cityof Eyl,” Fox News, 18 November 2009.
"Again facing Somali pirates, U.S. shi doesn't go quietly," Fort Worth Star-Telegram 19 November 2009.
Amies, Nick. "Shipping insurance sky-rockets as pirate attacks increase," Deutsche Welle 27 May 2009.
America's high-tech war on pirates,” Foreign Policy Passport, 23 February 2009.
"Anti-piracy law," The Japan Times 23 June 2009.
"Arrests in 'pirate-hostage swap'," BBC News 7 September 2009.

Baker, Peter, Robert D. McFadden, and Scott Shane. “Obama Signals More Active Response to Piracy Threat,” New York Times, 13 April 2009.
Baldauf, Scott. "Maersk Alabama: Should ships use armed guards to stop Somali pirates?" The Christian Science Monitor 18 November 2009.
Bengali, Shashank. “Imprisoned pirates say greed of foreigners drove them to act,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 30 April 2009.
Bengali, Shashank. “Somali says it needs foreign aid to fight pirates,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 17 April 2009.
Bengali, Shashank, and Jonathan S. Landay. “Somali pirates demand $2 million for release of U.S. ship captain,” Miami Herald, 10 April 2009.
Bevege, Alison. "Somalian defendants in call for UN intervention," Lloyd's List 25 August 2009.
Bevege, Alison. “Somali pirate attack foiled by water-hoses,” NewsMeat,11 April 2009.
Boot, Max. "Pirates, Then and Now," Foreign Affairs July/August 2009.
Bradsher, Keith. “Captain’s Rescue Revives Debate over Arming Crews,” New York Times, 12 April 2009.
Bremmer, Charles. "Pirates choose wrong target -- a French warship," Times Online 8 October 2009.

Canfield, Clarke. “Attacks by Pirates Spur New Training for Seamen,” Washington Post, 8 February 2009.
Canfield, Clarke. “US seamen are being trained to fend off pirates,” Galveston County The Daily News 2 February 2009.
"China vows to free hijacked ship," BBC News 20 October 2009.
Chen, Shirong. "China hosts anti-piracy meeting," BBC News 6 November 2009.
Child, Nick. "Navy patrols may extend as Somali pirates widen attacks," BBC News 10 December 2009.
"Chinese ship crew 'rescued' from Somali pirates," BBC News 28 December 2009.
Collado, Ángel. "Los corsarios persiguen a otro pesquero a las 48 horas de librera al Alakrana," ABC.es 20 November 2009.
“Combined Task Force Makes First Suspected Pirate Capture,” Muncie Free Press 14 May 2009.
"Couple's ransom demand 'expected,'" BBC News 30 October 2009.
“Crew onboard hijacked ship are ‘desperate’: report,” boston.com 4 July 2009.
“Crew says captain ‘saved our lives’,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 12 April 2009.
Crilly, Rob. “Somali attack on US vessel was ‘act of revenge, not piracy’,” Times Online 15 April 2009.
Cruise ship fends off pirates,” stuff.co.nz 4 April 2009.
Curran, John. “Rescued skipper praises Navy ‘titans’,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 18 April 2009.

Danilova, Maria. “Hijacked ship’s crew back home after four months,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 14 February 2009.
Doland, Angela. "French Soldiers Defend Two Boats Against Pirates," Fort Worth Star-Telegram 11 October 2009.
Drake, John. "New Somali clans to join pirate trade," Lloyd's List 6 November 2009.
Drake, John. “Threats to kill captives will backfire on pirates,” Lloyd’s List 8 May 2009.
Dula, Martin. “Solving Pirating the Ancient Way,” Great History: The Best Blogging in History 4 May 2009.
Duffster. "Investing in piracy at the Somali 'stock' exchange," Notes from the Bartender 5 December 2009.
Dutch forces free pirate captives,” BBC News 18 April 2009.

“Electronic fence shocks pirates,” Fairplay 22 June 2009.
EU to train Somali piracy force,” BBC News 28 July 2009.
Evans, Michael. “Royal Navy captures Somali pirates… and sets them free,” TimesOnline 4 June 2009.

"Family pray for yacht hijack pair," BBC News 27 October 2009.
Fischborn, Bastian. "Combating Piracy: An Overview - Part I," The Three Swords :16 (5 October 2009), 48-53.
Fisher, Jonah. “Somali pirate patrol: Day five,” BBC News 23 February 2009.
For Somalis, Piracy Road to Power, Prosperity,” Fox News 8 April 2009.
Frank, Jerry. "NITC hires ex-Royal Marines to fight pirates," Lloyd's List 17 September 2009.
Frank, Jerry, and Brian Reyes. “French capture pirate mothership,” Lloyd's List 16 April 2009.
Frank, Jerry, and Marcus Hand. “Somali pirates change tactics with night strike on bulker,” Lloyd’s List 15 April 2009.

Gebauer, Matthias, and Dietmar Hipp. “Passengers fought pirates with tables and deck chairs,” Spiegel Online International 28 April 2009.
Gettleman, Jeffrey. “For Somali Pirates, Worst Enemy May Be on Shore,” New York Times 8 May 2009.
Gettleman, Jeffrey. “Lessons from the Barbary Pirate Wars,” New York Times 11 April 2009.
Gettleman, Jeffrey. “The West Turns to Kenya as Piracy Criminal Court,” New York Times 23 April 2009.
Gettleman, Jeffrey, and Mohammed Ibrahim. "British Couple Held Off Somali Coast," New York Times 29 October 2009.
Gopalan, Sandeep, and Stephanie Switzer. "Pirates of the Aden: A Tale of Law's Impotence," Social Science Research Network 14 May 2009.
"Government rules out ransom deal," BBC News 31 October 2009.
“Greek ships escape pirate attacks off Somalia,” News.com.au 10 April 2009.
Guled, Abdi. “Somali elders try to negotiate safe passage for pirates,” Arab News 12 April 2009.
"Gunmen kill Somalia pirate judge," BBC News 12 November 2009.

Hand, Marcus. "PIL confirms Kota Wajar hijack crew are safe," Lloyd's List 19 October 2009.
Hari, Johann. “You are being lied to about piratesThe Independent 5 January 2009.
Hassan, Mohamed Olad. “5 Pirates Drown With Share of $3 Million Ransom a Day After Freeing Saudi Tanker,” Washington Post 11 January 2009.
Hassan, Mohamed Olad. "Influx of pirate money driving up costs," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 7 December 2009.
Hassan, Mohamed Olad. "Pirates say that illegal fishing is rampant," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 1 November 2009.
Hijacked US crew 'retake vessel',” BBC News 8 April 2009.
Hodge, Nathan. “Blackwater’s Pirate-Fighting Ops Sunk After Discrimination Suits,” Wired 14 May 2009.
Hodge, Nathan. “Somali Pirates: We Want Revenge, Not Ransom,” Wired 15 April 2009.
Houreld, Katharine. “Pirates get away with $3.2 million,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 6 February 2009.
Houreld, Katharine. "Pirates hijack U.S.-bound oil supertanker," Fort Worth Star-Telegram 1 December 2009.
Houreld, Katharine. “Pirates hold American hostage after raid,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 9 April 2009.
Houreld, Katharine, and Anne Gearan. “Pirates’ gunfire foils escape bid,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 11 April 2009.
Hunt on for ‘hijacked cargo ship’,” BBC News 12 August 2009.
Hunter, Robyn. “How do you pay a pirate’s ransom?BBC News 3 December 2009.

“International effort necessary,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 14 April 2009.
Italy ship thwarts pirate attack,” BBC News 26 April 2009.

Jacobson, Teddy. "Pirates Prove America Won't Fight to Win," comments by "T" 8 December 2009.
Jelinek, Pauline, and Calvin Woodward. “Snipers had one chance to get daring rescue right,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 14 April 2009.
Joshi, Rajesh. “Bid to grant immunity to seafarers who kill pirates,”
Lloyd’s List 24 June 2009.
Joshi, Rajesh. “Maersk master and corporate boss differ on arming vessels,” Lloyd’s List 1 May 2009.
Joyner, James. “US and Russian Navy Arrest 26 Somali Pirates,” New Atlanticist Policy and Analysis Blog 13 February 2009.

Kaplan, Robert D. “Anarchy on Land Means Piracy at Sea,” New York Times 11 April 2009.
Kellman, Laurie. “Captain, boss disagree on guns on ships,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 1 May 2009.
Kennedy, Elizabeth A. “Ship's captain freed after three pirates are killed in gunfight,” Scotsman.com 13 April 2009.
Kennedy, Elizabeth A., and Rukmini Callimachi. “Pirate dreamed of coming to U.S.” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 26 April 2009.
Kennedy, Elizabeth A., and Todd Pitman. “French forces seize pirate 'mother ship’,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 16 April 2009.
Kenya ‘will try Somali pirates’,” BBC News 16 April 2009.
Kovaleski, Serge F., and Abby Goodnough. “A Placid Man on Land, Caught in a Drama at Sea,” New York Times 10 April 2009.

Lang, Brent. “Gates: Stop Paying Ransom to Pirates,” CBS News Political Hotsheet 17 April 2009.
Langewiesche, William. “The Pirate Latitudes,” Vanity Fair April 2009.
Leander, Tom. "Pirates capture laden VLCC," Lloyd's List 1 December 2009.
Long, Wayne. “Gang Up on Pirates,” New York Times 18 April 2009.
Lovley, Erika. “Ron Paul’s plan to fend off pirates,” Yahoo! News 15 April 2009.
Lowry, Nigel. "Crew safety advice questioned after seafarer is shot dead by pirates," Lloyd's List 16 October 2009.
Lowry, Nigel. "No return to 'brutal' land attacks on pirate enclaves," Lloyd's List 16 October 2009.
Lowry, Nigel. "Ships urged to brave pirates' fire," Lloyd's List 16 October 2009.

Margasak, Larry, and Calvin Woodward. “Crewmen refused to go quietly when bandits climbed aboard,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 17 April 2009.
Marquand, Robert. “Sticky legal battles await for captured Somali pirates,” Christian Science Monitor 14 April 2009.
Mazzetti, Mark. “Standoff with Pirates Shows U.S. Power Has Limits,” New York Times 9 April 2009.
Mazzetti, Mark, and Sharon Otterman. “U.S. Captain Is Hostage of Pirates; Navy Ship Arrives,” New York Times 8 April 2009.
McCrummen, Stephanie. “For Mariners, an extreme test of resolve,” Washington Post 15 April 2009.
McCrummen, Stephanie. “Somalia’s Godfathers: Ransom-Rich Pirates,” Washington Post 20 April 2009.
McCrummen, Stephanie, and Ann Scott Tyson. “FBI Joins U.S. Navy in Pirate Standoff,” Washington Post 10 April 2009.
McCrummen, Stephanie, and Ann Scott Tyson. “Navy Kills 3 Pirates, Rescues Ship Captain,” Washington Post 13 April 2009.
McCrummen, Stephanie, and Karen DeYoung. “Somali Pirates Capture American Sea Captain,” Washington Post 9 April 2009.
McFadden, Robert D., and Scott Shane. “In Rescue of Captain, Navy Kills 3 Pirates,” New York Times 12 April 2009.
McLaughlin, John. “Boxship repels pirate attacks twice in 24 hours,” Lloyd’s List 1 May 2009.
Meade, Richard. “In the dock: the problems with prosecuting pirates,” Lloyd’s List 1 May 2009.
Melman, Yossi. “Israeli teams are becoming the anti-pirate heroes of the world,” Haaretz.com 3 May 2009.
Meilhan, Pierre, Mike Mount, Chuck Johnston, and Niki Cook. “French Navy capture 11 suspected pirates off Kenya,” CNN 15 April 2009.
Menkhaus, Ken. “Pirates in Somalia: Abduction, Negotiations,” Washington Post 10 April 2009.
"Mid-ocean pirate attack on tanker," BBC News 10 November 2009.
Minter, William, and Daniel Volman. "The Somalia Crossroads," In These Times 29 June 2009.
Miriri, Duncan. “Pirates seize U.S.-owned, Italy-flagged tugboat,” 11 April 2009.
Moore, Michael Scott. "The Pirate Stock Market," Miller-McCune 9 December 2009.
Mount, Mike, and Barbara Starr.“More pirates searching for lifeboat, official says,” CNN 10 April 2009.
Muhumed, Malkhadir M. “Ransom is paid to Somali pirates who seized ship carrying tanks,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 5 February 2009.

Navy ship outruns pirates, officials say,” CNN.com 7 May 2009.
Negotiations Break Down in Standoff with Pirates,” New York Times 11 April 2009.
“New ease of an ex-pirate’s life,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 24 May 2009.
“New naval force to battle pirates off Somalia,” New Zealand Herald 9 January 2009.
Nor, Mohamed Sheikh, and Barbara Surk. “Tankers diverted from Suez route,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 19 November 2009.

“Officials: U.S. may aid Somalis, attack pirate bases,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 13 April 2009.
“Old law used on modern pirates,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 18 April 2009.
Osler, David. “Anti-piracy nets cast wide to foul up hijackers' propellers,” Lloyd's List 15 January 2009.
Osler, David. "Call for more protection as pirates strike outside zones," Lloyd's List 23 October 2009.
Osler, David. "Kenya piracy trials at risk of breaching human rights laws," Lloyd's List 25 August 2009.
Osler, David. "Kota Wajar boxship is hijacked in Gulf of Aden," Lloyd's List 16 October 2009.
Osler, David, “LPG tanker hijacked amid decoy raids,” Lloyd's List 30 January 2009.
Osler, David. “Owners jittery as Maersk Alabama steward sues over pirate attack,” Lloyd’s List 28 April 2009.
Osler, David. "Pirates attack Chinese panamax," Lloyd's List 19 October 2009.
Osler, David. "Pirates will kill Ariana crew once fuel runs out," Lloyd's List 27 October 2009.
Osler, David. "Seafarers 'out of sight, out of mind," Lloyd's List 16 September 2009.
Osler, David. "Somali pirates capture ship carrying cargo of missiles," Lloyd's List 10 November 2009.
Osler, David. "Somali pirates kill another seafarer," Lloyd's List 25 September 2009.
Osler, David. “To the rescue – Australian Navy foils attacks,” Lloyd’s List 19 May 2009.
Osler, David, and Marcus Hand. "Pirates take third bulker in two weeks," Lloyd's List 23 October 2009.
"Owners reputed to be deploying armed security services onboard ships," Ship Management International 13 November 2009.

Pflanz, Mike. “British tourist celebrates birthday by fighting off pirates,” Telegraph.co.uk 30 April 2009.
Pham, J. Peter. "You Ain't Seen Pirates Yet," Foreign Policy, 21 August 2009.
Piracy Attacks Almost Doubled in Q1,” Insurance Journal 21 April 2009.
"Piracy Wave Hits Ships of All Flags Near Somalia," Voice of America 26 May 2009.
Pirate Hijacking Resolutions at a Glance,” Fox News 9 April 2009.
Pirate washed ashore with treasure,” Stuff.co.nz 12 January 2009.
Pirates attack second US vessel,” BBC News 15 April 2009.
"Pirates attack ship off Mogadishu," BBC News 25 September 2009.
Pirates captured after threatening Norfolk-based container ship,” WVEC.com 22 May 2009.
Pirates free Italian tugboat crew,” BBC News 10 August 2009.
Pirates’ former hostage favors more government protection,” CNNPolitics.com 30 April 2009.
“Pirates’ hostage still alive, but release deal rejected,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 12 April 2009.
"Pirates jailed for yacht murder," BBC News 29 November 2009.
“Pirates killed, captured by fishermen hostages,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 15 August 2009.
“Pirates repel sailors attempting to reach captain,” CNN 11 April 2009.
Pirates Reportedly Demand Ransom after U.S. Ship Captain Tries to Escape,” Fox News 10 April 2009.
“Pirates seize escorted ship,” Fairplay 6 May 2009.
"Pirates seize N Korea tanker crew," BBC News 17 November 2009.
Pirates seize tankers off Somalia,” BBC News 26 March 2009.
"Pirates 'seize UK yacht couple'," BBC News 27 October 2009.
“Pirates still hold ship's captain; U.S. warship en route,” USA Today April 2009.
“Pirates take bulker and box ship,” Fairplay 6 April 2009.
Pitman, Todd, and Katharine Houreld. “NATO forces rescue fishermen but have to let Somali pirates go,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 18 April 2009.
Pitman, Todd, and Lara Jakes. “U.S. sea captain rescued after Navy snipers kill three pirates,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 13 April 2009.
Porter, Janet. “Maersk to review piracy response plans,” Lloyd’s List 14 April 2009.
Powell, Anita. “Pirates seize German ship,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 26 April 2009.
“Prosecutors say teenager was ringleader of Somali pirates,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 22 April 2009.

Q&A: Somali piracy,” BBC News 9 January 2009.

"Ransom demanded for yacht couple," BBC News 30 October 2009.
Reynolds, Paul. “Could 19th-century plan stop piracy?BBC News 12 April 2009.
Rice, Xan. “US launches anti-piracy naval force to combat hijackings off Somalia,” The Guardian 9 January 2009.
Rice, Xan, and Lizzy Davies. “Hostage killed as French storm yacht held by Somali pirates,” Guardian.co.uk 11 April 2009.
Roger, Pierre-Yves. “French attack seized boat; 1 hostage and 2 captors die,” Fort Worth Star-Telgram 11 April 2009.
Russia detains ship ‘hijackers’,” BBC News 18 August 2009.
“Russia tops the pirate table,” Fairplay 29 April 2009.
Russian tanker crew fights off Somali pirates with fire hoses,” RIA Novosti 22 April 2009.
Russians capture Somali pirates,” BBC News 13 February 2009.

Sage, Adam. “Hostages to face bill as France tries to recoup cost of rescues,” The Times 31 July 2009.
Schuman, Michael. “How to Defeat Pirates: Success in the Strait,” Time Magazine 22 April 2009.
Simon, Mallory. “Ship's captain prepared for pirate attack, ex-crew member says,” CNN 10 April 2009.
“Simulator Trains Captains to Fight Pirates,” Justnews.com 10 April 2009.
Sloan, Gene. “Ships refuse to let pirates vex voyage,” USA Today 15 May 2009.
“Somali pirate arrives in New York City to face trial in attack,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 21 April 2009.
 “Somali pirate suspect arrives in New York City,” MSNBC 21 April 2009.
Somali pirate suspects captured,” BBC News 3 May 2009.
Somali Pirates Back in Force, Hijacking 5 Ships since Saturday,” Fox News 7 April 2009.
"Somali pirates capture huge tanker taking oil to US," BBC News 30 November 2009.
Somali pirates free Saudi supertanker (+video),” Stuff.co.nz 10 January 2009.
"Somali pirates free Spanish boat," BBC News 17 November 2009.
"Somali Pirates hijack two ships off East African coast," BBC News 29 December 2009.
Somali Pirates Reportedly Release Saudi Oil Supertanker,” Fox News 9 January 2009.
Somali pirates vow to hunt down, kill Americans in revenge,” Fox News 15 April 2009.
Somali teen pirate charged in hijacking,” UPI.com 20 May 2009.
"Spain charges Somali 'pirates'," BBC News 13 October 2009.
Speares, Sandra. “Crew crisis exacerbated by piracy and red tape,” Lloyd's List 16 February 2009.
Spilman, Richard. “Arming Merchant Ship Crews - the “Obvious Answer” that may be Simply Wrong,” Old Salt Blog 13 April 2009.
Spilman, Richard. “What to do with Modern Pirates?” Old Salt Blog 22 January 2009.
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Straziuso, Jason. "Pirates seize two vessels in one day," Fort Worth Star-Telegram 30 December 2009.
Straziuso, Jason. "Ship is pirate target again," The Philadelphia Inquirer 19 November 2009.
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Thompson, Mark. "Is There a Sound Defense Against the Somali Pirates?" Time 19 November 2009.
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Turkish ship seized off Somalia,” BBC News 8 July 2009.
Tyson, Ann Scott, and Edward Cody. “Navy Relying on Patience in Pirate Standoff,” Washington Post 11April 2009.

Ungoed-Thomas, Jon, and Marie Woolf. "Navy releases Somali pirates caught red-handed," Times Online 29 November 2009.
US captain rescued from pirates,” BBC News 13 April 2009.
“U.S. Navy again catches suspected pirates,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 13 February 2009.
U.S. Navy Arrives at Scene of Hijacked American Ship,” Fox News 9 April 2009.
“U.S. negotiators try to persuade pirates to free captain,” CNN 10 April 2009.
US unveils plan to tackle piracy,” BBC News 15 April 2009.
“U.S. ship, crew are sage after pirate attack,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 15 April 2009.
“U.S. weighs new strategies against piracy,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 14 April 2009.

Viscusi, Gregory. “Somali Piracy to Pick up after Monsoon, Task Force Chief Says,” Bloomberg.com 27 July 2009.

“Walk the plank? No, gun the skiff,” Fairplay 30 April 2009.
Walker, Peter. “Mystery of the Arctic Sea: ship feared seized by pirates in European waters,” Guardian 11 August 2009.
Ward, Olivia. “Crime at sea has a history as old as civilization,” Toronto Star 18 April 2009.
Weaver, Matthew. “Richard Phillips, cargo ship captain and American hero,” Guardian.co.uk 10 April 2009.
White House Monitors Somali Pirate Attack on U.S.-Flagged Ship, American Crew,” Fox News 8 April 2009.
Why the Pirates Are Immune from Attack,” Strategy Page 9 April 2009.
Wilson, J. R. "Fighting Modern Pirates," The Year in Defense December 2009.
Wilson, Scott, Ann Scott Tyson, and Stephanie McCrummen. “'3 Rounds, 3 Dead Bodies',” Washington Post 14 April 2009.
Wingrove, Martyn. “VLCC owners avoid Suez Canal to beat pirates and cut costs,” Lloyd's List 10 February 2009.
Woodman, Richard. “How are seafarers meant to defend themselves against piracy attacks?” Lloyd’s List 17 June 2009.

“Yemen tanker seized from pirates,” BBC News 27 April 2009.
“Yemeni Navy frees oil tanker, kills three Somali pirates,” RIA Novosti 27 April 2009.

Zezima, Katie, and Mitchell L. Blumenthal. “Rescued Captain Returns to Vermont Town,” New York Times 17 April 2009.

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Abbot, Sebastian. “Cruise liner thwarts pirates with sound blasts, speed,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 4 December 2008.
Ambah, Faiza Saleh. “After Hijacking, Saudi Foreign Minister Says NationWill Join Anti-Piracy Efforts,” Washington Post, 19 November 2008.
Axe, David. “4 Fronts for Pirate-Navy Battle as U.S. Descends on Captured Ship,” Popular Mechanics, 29 September 2008.
Axe, David. “Somalia Piracy Crisis: A Little Law and Order, Please,” Wired,1 October 2008.

“Beluga to use noise guns to deter hijackers,” Lloyd's List, 24 November 2008.
Bengali, Shashank. “Doubts rise over U.S. plan to hunt pirates,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 16 December 2008.
“British navy sailors kill pirates,” Fairplay, 13 November 2008.
Burgess, Douglas R., Jr. “Piracy Is Terrorism,” New York Times, 5 December 2008.
Burnett, John S. “Captain Kidd, Human-Rights Victim,” New York Times, 20 April 2008.
Burnett, John S. “Grand Theft Nautical,” New York Times, 5 December 2008.

"Canadians Scare off Pirate Attack near Somalia," The Canadian Press, 4 June 2008.
China to deploy ships off Somalia,” BBC News (20 December 2008).
Clayton, Jonathan. “Business booms in Somalian pirate village Eyl,” The Australian, 19 November 2008.
“Cruise ship stranded in Antarctica with 122 on board,” Reuters 5 December 2008.

Dalton, Alastair. “Two more ships hijacked in piracy crisis,” Scotsman, 19 November 2008.
Daragahi, Borzou, and Edmund Sanders. “Somail seize oil tanker,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 18 November 2008.
“Denying pirates an AIS trace,” Fairplay, 20 November 2008.
Doland, Angela. "French Troops Attack Somali Pirates After 30 Hostages Freed," Washington Post, 12 April 2008.
Dragonette, Charles. “Piracy that Calls for the Navy’s Power,” Washington Post, 5 October 2008.

Eason, Craig. “Are Somali attackers using Marine AIS?” Lloyd's List, 26 November 2008.
Eason, Craig. “Odfjell ships to avoid the Gulf of Aden,” Lloyd's List, 18 November 2008.
Eckel, Mike. “Pirates seize ship loaded with tanks off Horn of Africa,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 27 September 2008.
Evans, Michael. “Royal Navy in firefight with Somali pirates,” The Times, 12 November 2008.

Fan, Maureen. “China to send fleet to fight pirates,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 18 December, 2008.
Faul, Michelle. "Piracy may imperil shipping route," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 17 October 2008.
"Foreign Ships Allowed to Fight Somali Pirates," Dailypress.com, 3 June 2008.
Foreman, William. “China sends ships to fight pirates,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 27 December 2008.
Frank, Jerry, and David Osler. “Piracy could add $400m to owners' insurance cover costs,” Lloyds List, 20 November 2008.
Freeman, Colin. “Islamic fighters enter Somalia pirate town and plan to attack,” Telegraph, 22 November 2008.
“French commandos storm yacht to free couple held hostage by Somali pirates,” Times Online, 17 September 2008.

Gettleman, Jeffrey. “Negotiations over pirates’ ransom are bogged down,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 4 October 2008.
Gettleman, Jeffrey. “Pirated Arms Freighter Cornered by U.S. Navy,” New York Times, 29 September 2008.
Gettleman, Jeffrey. “Pirates demanding $5 million for a hijacked ship,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 2 October 2008.
Gettleman, Jeffrey. "Pirates may be near a deal for arms shipment," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 9 October 2008.
Gettleman, Jeffrey. “Pirates Outmaneuver Warships Off Somalia,” New York Times 15 December 2008.
Gettleman, Jeffrey. “Pirates who seized arms cargo liken themselves to coast guard,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 1 October 2008.
Gettleman, Jeffrey. “Q. &  A. With a Pirate: “We Just Want the Money,” New York Times, 30 September 2008.
Gettleman, Jeffrey. “Somalia Pirates Capture Tanks and Global Notice,” New York Times, 26 September 2008.
Gettleman, Jeffrey. “Somalia’s Pirates Flourish in a Lawless Nation,” New York Times, 30 October 2008.
Gettleman, Jeffrey. “Somali Pirates Tell Their Side: They Want Only Money,” New York Times, 30 September 2008.
Goodman, Al. “Pirates ‘Demand Money’ for Seized Spanish Crew,” CNN.com, 21 April 2008.

Hansen, Stig Jarle. "Modern Piracy as a Subject of Academic Enquiry," e-International Relations 19 December 2008.
Harper, Mary. “Life in Somalia's pirate town,” BBC News, 18 September 2008.
Hassan, Mohamed Olad. “Warships close in on pirates,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 28 September 2008.
Hassan, Mohammed Olad, and Elizabeth Kennedy. “Pirates transform villages into boomtowns,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 20 November 2008.
Hassan, Mohamed Olad, and Steve Gutterman. “Russians, British foil pirate attack,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 13 November 2008.
Hijacker Somali Pirates: We'll Fight to the Death Before Surrendering to U.S., Russia,” Fox News 6 October 2008.
“Hong Kong, Greek ships hijacked near Somalia," New York Times, 18 September 2008.
Houreld, Katharine. “Pirates too quick for NATO response,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 29 November 2008.
How to Pay Ransom to Modern-day Pirates,” NPR: Day to Day, 7 October 2008.
Howden, Daniel, and Toby Green. "British security guards jump ship to escape Somali pirates," The Independent 29 November 2008.
Hunter, Robyn. “Somali pirates living the high life,” BBC News, 28 October 2008.

Keaten, Jamey. “EU countries push to stop pirates,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 5 October 2008.
King, Tim. "What About Real Bloodthirsty Pirates?" Salem News 15 January 2008.
Knickmeyer, Ellen. “U.S. Navy Bolsters Watch Over Ship Seized by Somali Pirates,” Washington Post, 30 September 2008.
Kraska, James, and Brian Wilson. “Piracy, Policy, and Law,” Proceedings Magazine, December 2008.

Lekic, Slobodan. "Warships to patrol against pirates," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 23 October 2008.
Lunsford, Virginia. “What Makes Piracy Work?Proceedings Magazine, December 2008.

Maliti, Tom. “Somali pirates underterred by world’s nonviolent response,” Fort WorthStar-Telegram, 21 November 2008.
Marwuez, Jeremiah. “Indian navy captures pirates attacking merchant vessel,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 14 December 2008.
Mount, Mike. "Captain: My ‘Heart Sank’ When Pirates Attacked," CNN.com, 5 May 2008.
Murphy, Brian. “International force led by U.S. to face Somali pirates,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 9 January 2008.

NATO to deploy anti-piracy fleet to Somali coast,” CBCNews.ca, 10 October 2008.
“Navy Calls on Industry to Tackle Piracy,” Military.com, 23 September 2008.
Ng, Eileen. “Shippers call for Somalia blockade,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 25 November 2008.
Nizza, Mike. "A Green Jolly Roger? A Pirate Claims Environmental Concerns," New York Times, 5 February 2008.
Nizza, Mike. "Pirate Watcher Adds Up Attacks for 2007," New York Times, 9 January 2008.
Nizza, Mike. "Pirate Whack-a-Mole on the High Seas," New York Times, 15 April 2008.
Nizza, Mike. "Spain Next to Deal With Somali Pirates," New York Times, 21 April 2008.
Nor, Mohamed Sheikh. “Islamists offer to fight pirates,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 22 November 2008.
Nolan, Patrick. “Pirates, terrorists or both?” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 14 December 2008.
Nor, Mohamed Sheikh. "Vessel freed; pirates still hold tank ship," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 15 October 2008.
Nyambura-Mwaura, Helen. “Somali pirates seize second Stolt ship,” Reuters, 11 November 2008.

Osler, David. “The long way around,” Lloyd's List, 26 November 2008.
Osler, David. “Maersk nears decision on Cape of Good Hope,” Lloyd's List, 19 November 2008.
Osler, David. “Ro-ro with 30 tanks onboard is seized off Somalia,” Lloyd’s List, 29 September 2008.
Osler, David. “We are not the solution to piracy, says Somalia coalition navy chief,” Lloyd’s List, 25 September 2008.

Page, Lewis. “Retro piracy - Should the Royal Navy kick arse?The A Register, 13 November 2008.
Page, Lewis. “Royal Navy won't fight pirates 'in case they claim asylum',” The A Register, 25 September 2008.
Passman, Michael H. “Protections Afforded to Captured Pirates Under the Law of War and International Law,” Tulane Maritime Law Journal 33:1 (Winter 2008).
Patch, John. “The Overstated Threat,” Proceedings Magazine, December 2008.
Pentland, William. "Sea Piracy's Bloody Growth," Forbes 10 June 2008.
"Piracy and Armed Response on Ship,” MarineLink.com, 8 September 2008.
Piracy threatens Suez Canal economy,” UPI.com, 20 November 2008.
"Pirates Demand Hefty Ransom," The Australian, 3 June 2008.
“Pirates hijack Danish ship; 13 crew members held,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 9 November 2008.
Pirates Hijack 3 Ships off Somalia,” CNN.com, 28 August 2008.
Pirates seize German Cargo Ship off Somali Coast,” Belfast Telegraph, 21 August 2008.
"Pirates threaten a bitter fight," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 24 October 2008.

Reyes, Brian. “Sirius Star hijackers may have had insider tip-offs,” Lloyd's List, 26 November 2008.
Reynolds, Paul. “Rules frustrate anti-piracy efforts,” BBC News, 19 November 2008.

“Ship, crew held by pirates may be freed within days,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 1 December 2008.
Ship Seized by Somali Pirates Carrying 33 Russian Tanks,” FoxNews.com,  26 September 2008.
Smith, Neville. “Pirates seize VLCC off Kenyan coast,” Lloyd's List, 18 November 2008.
Smith, Neville. “UK Navy can arrest but not prosecute pirates,” Lloyd’s List, 6 October 2008.
“Somali pirates capture Saudi-owned oil tanker,” USA Today, 18 November 2008.
"Somali Pirates Demand $1.1 Million for Dutch Ship," Gulfnews.com, 3 June 2008.
"Somali Pirates Find Booming Business," NewsOK.com, 24 April 2008.
"Somali Pirates Hijack Jordanian Ship," Eaglespeak Blog, 17 May 2008.
“Somali pirates release hijacked Greek tanker,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 23 November 2008.
"Somali pirates release hijacked ships from S. Korea, Thailand," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 20 October 2008.
Somali Pirates Release Thai Ship After Receiving Ransom,” Fox News 19 October 2008.
Somali Pirates Stand Ground as Foreign Ships Surround Them,” Fox News 5 October 2008.
"Somali soldiers capture ship from pirates," USA Today, 15 October 2008.
Speares, Sandra. “International community must be ‘prepared to shoot’,” Lloyd’s List, 3 October 2008.
Spilman, Richard. "‘The Golden Age of Piracy’ or Long John Silver in a Tank,” The Huffington Post, 2 October 2008.
Spilman, Richard. “Seeking Woodes Rogers: Piracy, Terrorism and International Law,” The Huffington Post 17 December 2008.
Stares Justin. “Navies faced with tricky rules in bid to punish pirates,” Lloyd’s List, 7 October 2008.
Stevenson, Jonathan. “Somali Pirates At Sea,” Forbes, 19 November 2008.

“U.N. approves attacks on pirate bases in Somalia,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 17 December 2008.
"U.N. Maritime Agency Welcomes Security Council Action on Somalia Piracy," UN News Service, accessed 3 June 2008.
U.S. destroyer nears Somali pirates,” BBC.com, 28 September 2008.
“U.S. military not so sure about anti-piracy plan,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram 13 December 2008.

"Video Shows Pirates Pursued, Captured," CNN.com, 15 April 2008.

Wadhams, Nick. “As Somali Pirates Get Bolder, Policing Them Gets Tougher,” Time, 19 November 2008.
Wadhams, Nick. “Somali pirates hold whip hand in standoff,” San Francisco Chronicle, 26 October 2008.
Wallis, Keith. “Another tanker hijacked as Stolt Valor is released,” Lloyd's List, 18 November 2008.
Wallis, Keith. “India to step up naval presence in Gulf of Aden,” Lloyd's List, 24 November 2008.
Wallis, Keith. “Pirates attacking vessels further off Somali coast,” Lloyd’s List, 23 September 2008.
“Warship rescues pirates, sinks their ship,” AAP 5 December 2008.
Watson, Ivan. “Authorities Struggle to Thwart Pirates’ Plundering,” NPR: All Things Considered, 29 September 2008.
“The wild Somali shore,” Lloyd’s List, 26 September 2008.
Worth, Robert F. “Pirates Seize Saudi Tanker Off Kenya,” New York Times, 17 November 2008.

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"Briefing: The Return of the Pirates," The Week. 30 November 2007.

“Danica White could have avoided pirate attack,” Lloyds List, 17 December 2007.
"Danish ship hijacked off Somalia," Fairplay, 4 June 2007.

Hand, Marcus. "How Crew Fought Off Somali Pirates," Lloyd's List, 1 November 2007.
Hand, Marcus. "Pirates Foiled in Indonesia Hijack Bid," Lloyd's List, 16 April 2007.
Hand, Marcus, and David Osler. "Captive Crew overthrow Somali Pirates," Lloyd's List, 31 October 2007.
Harris, Edward. "Navy Helps Foreign Ships Being Hijacked by Pirates," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 31 Ocotober 2007.
Harris, Edward. "Navy Helps Hijacked Vessels in Waters off Somalia," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 3 November 2007.
Harris, Edward. "US Military Takes on Latter-day Pirates," Yahoo! News, 2 November 2007.

’I beat pirates with a hose and sonic cannon',” BBC News 17 May 2007.

Kane, Sean. “Piracy Thrives in Grey Area,” Lloyd's List, 5 December 2007.

Matthews, Bruce and Cheryl. Yacht Narena Attacked by Pirates in Gulf of Aden. noonsite.com 27 March 2007.

Nizza, Mike. "And Now for a Pirate-Free Moment Off Somalia," New York
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Osler, David. "Piracy stakes raised as crewman is murdered," Lloyd's List, 5 June 2007.
"Pirates Commandeer Chemical Tanker," Fairplay, 29 October 2007.
"Pirates Free Vessel for $100,000 Ransom," Lloyds List, 30 May 2007.
"Pirates Moving into Deep Sea," Lloyds List, 22 May 2007.
Raffaele, Paul. "The Pirate Hunters," Smithsonian. (38:5) August 2007, 38-44.
Reyes, Brian. "Nato warships respond to piracy threats off Africa," Lloyd's
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Schneider, Martin. "Piracy danger escalates in Africa," Lloyd's List, 5 June 2007.
Sofge, Erik. “Robot Boats Hunt High-Tech Pirates,” Popular Mechanics, 21 December 2007.
Spurrier, Andrew. "Call for Singapore and Indonesia to Tackle Causes of Piracy Ashore," Lloyd's List, 1 October 2007.

"U.N. in Call for Action as Somalian Pirates Threaten Humanitarian Aid," Lloyd's List, 22 May 2007.
"U.S. Destroyer Bombards Somali Base," Associated Press, 2 June 2007.
"U.S. Navy Eyes Hijacked Somalia Aid Ship," Associated Press, 26 February 2007.
"U.S. Navy Opens Fire on Pirates," Fairplay, 31 October 2007.

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"Anti-piracy Centre Opens in Kenya," BBC News, 5 May 2006.

Gugliotta, Guy. "U.S. Ships Fire on Suspected Pirates," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 19 March 2006.

Krane, Jim. "Suspected Pirate Ship Intercepted," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 23 January 2006.
Krane, Jim. "U.S. Navy Seizes Pirate Ship off Somalia," 22 January 2006.

Malone, Robert. "Dangerous Waters," Forbes.com, 25 July 2006.

"Navy Exchanges Gunfire with Suspected Pirates," Dallas Morning News, 19 March 2006.

Osler, David. "One Dead in US Navy Clash with 'Pirates'," Lloyd's List, 21 March 2006.

"Pirate attacks in Malacca Strait," BBC News, 4 July 2006.
"Pirates Seize Indian Vessel," CNN.com, 27 February 2006.

Smith, Steven Donald. "U.S. Navy, Coast Guard on Lookout for Piracy," American Forces Information Service, 27 January 2006.
"Sword Pirates Raid Large Bulker," Lloyd's List, 7 April 2006.

"U.S. Navy Denies Deal to Battle Somali Piracy," CNN.com, 18 April, 2006.
"U.S. Navy Ships Return Fire on Suspected Pirates," American Forces Information Service, 18 March 2006.
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“15 Pirates Killed in Bangla Gunfight,” KeralaNext.com, 28 September 2005.

"Ahoy! Yacht Thief 'No Captain Jack Sparrow,'" The Sydney Morning Herald, 8 February 2005.
Ansley, Greg. "Scar-faced 'Captain Jack Sparrow' Sorry for Yacht Theft," The New Zealand Herald, 9 February 2005.

Barrios, Erik. “Casting a Wider Net,” Boston College International and Comparative Law Review, 28:1 (2005), 149-164.
Bockmann, Michelle Wiese. "Maritime Pirates the Next Big Terror Threat: Beazley," The Australian, 26 July 2005.
Burgess, Douglas R., Jr. “The Dread Pirate Bin Laden," Legal Affairs, July/August 2005.
Burnett, John S. "The Pirates Will be Back," The New York Times, 23 February 2005.
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Crittenden, Jules. “Couple Outwits Pirates,” Boston Herald, 7 June 2005.

Doina. “Violent Pirate Attack on Two Yachts Off Yemen,” noonsite.com: the Global Site for Cruising Sailors, 31 March 2005.
Dragonette, Charles N. “Lost at Sea,” Foreign Affairs, March/April 2005.
"Drop in Piracy Incidents," Portsworld.com Malaysia, 25 July 2005.

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Garamone, Jim. "Piracy in Straits Highlights Need for Maritime Security," The Journal, 9 June 2005.

Ham, Walter T. "USS Bonhomme Richard Chases Pirates Away from Fishermen," Navy Newstand, 22 February 2005.
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Kent, Jonathan. "Murders by Pirates 'on the rise,'" BBC News 7 February  2005.

"Malaysia Welcomes Support in Malacca Straits Security," Muzi News Lateline.com, 6 June 2005.

"Negotiations Under Way for Pirated Aid Ship," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 14 July 2005.

"Piracy in Straits Highlights Need for Maritime Security," American Forces Press Service, 5 June 2005.
"The Piracy Threat to Japan," The Japan Times,  17 March 2005.
Pirates Forcing Fishermen out of Business,” Khaleej Times, 29 September 2005.
“Pirates Release Three Kidnapped Sailors,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 21 March 2005.
"Pirates Rob Tanker Crew in Malacca Strait," Muzi News, 11 April 2005.
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Private Navies Combat Malacca Strait Pirates,” WorldNetDaily.com, 31 July 2005.

Sakhuja, Vijay. "Supporting the Malacca Strait Troika," Society for the Study of Peace and Conflict, 11 April 2005.
"Sea Piracy Plummets Worldwide,” Muzi News, 19 July 2005.
"Singapore Welcomes Support to Fight Piracy," Muzi News, 18 March 2005.
“Somali Pirates Seize Second Ship,” International Relations and Security Network, 26 September 2005.
Somali Shock at New Ship Hijack,” BBC News, 11 October 2005.
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“Territorial Sensitivities Hampering Piracy Fight,” Muzi News, 1 April 2005.

"U.S. Navy SEALs in Indonesia Anti-terrorism Drill," Jakarta Post, 12 May 2005.

Van Zandt, Clint. "Modern Day Pirates, Ancient Day Crimes," MSNBC.com, 22 March 2005.

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Anti-piracy Drive in Malacca Straits,” BBC News, 20 July 2004.

"Bungling Pirates Left to Sink or Swim," Maritime Global Net Newsletter, 18 October 2004.

Chatterjee, Neil. “Piracy and Kidnapping Soar on the High Seas,” Reuters, 28 January 2004.

"Four Held Hostage by Pirates," Maritime Global Net Newsletter, 5 October 2004.

Gatsiounis, Ioannis. “Malacca Strait: Target for Terror,” Asia Times Online, 11
August 2004.

Hand, Marcus. "Shoot Pirates on Sight, Says Indonesian Navy Chief," Lloyd's List, 21 June 2004.
Herrmann, W. A. "Maritime Piracy and Anti-piracy Measures: Part I: Piracy--Increasing Challenge with New Dimensions," Naval Forces, 25 (February 2004), 18-25.
Howland, Jonathan. “Countering Maritime Terror, U.S. Thwarts Attacks, Builds Up Foreign Navies,” The Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs 17 June 2004.

“Indonesia Warns of Malacca Straits Terror Plots, Hails Anti-piracy Patrols,” Channel NewsAsia International, 26 August 2004.

Koknar, Ali M. “Buccaneers to Revolutionaries: Modern Day Maritime Piracy and Terrorism,” The Capital Chatter Newsletter, 4:4 (March 2004), pp. 7-11.
Koknar, Ali M. “Piracy and Terrorism are Joining Forces and Creating Troubled Waters for the Maritime Industry,” Security Management Online, June 2004.
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Koo, Eric. "Terror on the High Seas: Part 3 - Strategies for Maritime Security," Asia Times Online, 21 October 2004.
Koo, Eric. "Terror on the High Sea: Part 2 - Tides of Terror Lap Southeast Asia," Asia Times Online, 20 October 2004.

Luft, Gal, and Anne Korin. “Terrorism Goes to Sea,” Foreign Affairs, November/December 2004.

Majid, Hasnita A. "More Political Will Needed in Region to Safeguard Malacca Strait," Channel NewsAsia International, 23 August 2004.
"Maritime Piracy," Reuters, 28 January 2004.
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Nitschke, S. “Maritime Piracy and Anti-piracy Measures: Part II: Anti-piracy and Anti-terrorism Sensors and Weapons,” Naval Forces, 25 (2 February 2004), 26-28.

Osler, David. “Hollywood Hides the Ugly Truth about Violence of Modern Pirates,” Lloyd’s List, 4 November 2003.

"Passionate About Piracy," Safety at Sea International May 2004, 14-15.
"Pirate Concerns," The Courier Mail (Brisbane), 4 November 2004.
“Piracy and Maritime Terror in Southeast Asia,” The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 10:6 (July 2004).

Richardson, Michael. “Fighting Maritime Terrorism,” Asia Times Online, 16 June 2004.

“S’pre, Malaysia, Indonesia Start Coordinated Malacca Straits Patrols,” MediaCorp News, 20 July 2004.

Wallace, Keith. "Indonesian Navy Vessel 'Used in Pirate Attack' off Irian Jaya," Lloyd's List, 8 April 2004.
Wanklyn, Alastair. “Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia Making Right Moves against Piracy,” Channel NewsAsia International, 20 October 2004.
Williams, Carol J. “U.S. Navy Allowed to Board Ships,” Los Angeles Times, 12 May 2004.

Yoong, Sean. "Pirate Attacks Take Unusually High Toll," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 26 July 2004.

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Bradsher, Keith. "Attacks on Chemical Ships in Southeast Asia Seem to be Piracy, not Terror," The New York Times, 27 March 2003.

Doina. “Yacht Narena Attacked by Pirates in Gulf of Aden,” noonsite.com, 28 November 2003.

Ellis, Eric. “Singapore’s New Straits: Piracy on the High Seas is on the Rise in Southeast Asia,” Fortune International (Asia Edition), 148:6 (29 September 2003), 24.

Geibel, Adam. "Cyclones, Firebolt and the Persian Gulf Pirates," Strategy Page, 22 October 2003.

Halloran, Richard. "Southeast Asia Fears Terrorist 'Pirates,'" The Washington Times, 3 May 2003.
Hand, Marcus. “IMB Warns of Collision Catastrophe Threat in Wave of Pirate Attacks,” Lloyd’s List, 6 November 2003.
Hand, Marcus. “Owners’ Federation Demands ASEAN Action to Curb Piracy,” Lloyd’s List, 4 December 2003.

Kubiak, Krzysztof. “Terrorism is the New Enemy at Sea,” Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, 129:12 (December 2003), pp. 68-71.

Lanrong, Gao. "Interview with Eastern Commander of Indian Navy," People's Daily Online, 15 November 2003.

"Peril on the Sea: Terrorism and Business," The Economist (US). 369:8344 (October 2003), 58.

Simhan, Raja. "Wave of Piracy Hits Asia-Pacific Waters," The Hindu Business Line, 17 November 2003.
"Singapore Urges a Hi-tech Clamp on Pirates," Lloyd's List, 4 November 2003.

Young, Adam J., and Mark J. Valencia. “Conflation of Piracy and Terrorism in Southeast Asia: Rectitude and Utility,” Contemporary Southeast Asia, 25:2 (August 2003), 269-83.

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Aebi, Tania. "Fears of Piracy," SailNet, 26 February 2002.
Alexander, Yonah, and Tyler Richardson. "Maritime Terrorism Next?" The Washington Times, 20 October 2002.
Arnold, Wayne. "Dockside, the War on Terrorism May Hone Rivalry," The New York Times, 13 August 2002.

Baldwin, James. "Dodging Pirates in Southeast Asia," SailNet, 1 March 2002.
Beckman, Robert. “Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Southeast Asia,” Ocean Development and International Law, 33:3/4 (July-December 2002), 317-341.

Garmon, Tina. “International Law of the Sea: Reconciling the Law of Piracy and Terrorism in the Wake of September 11th,” Tulane Maritime Law Journal, 27:1 (Winter 2002), 257-275.

Hand, Marcus. "Malacca Strait Pirates Hit Second Tug in a Month," Lloyd's List, 20 September 2002.
Hoffman, Carl. “Death of an Ocean Crusader,” Adventure, March 2002, 26-27.

Lam, Tran Dinh Thanh. “Pirates Plague Vietnamese Fishermen,” Asia Times Online, 12 November 2002.

Mellor, Justin S.C. “Missing the Boat: the Legal and Practical Problems of the Prevention of Maritime Terrorism,” American University International Law Review, 18 (2002), 341-397.
Mo, John. “Options to Combat Maritime Piracy in Southeast Asia,” Ocean Development & International Law, 33 (2002), 343-358.

"Pirates Release Ship," Reuters, 28 January 2002.

"Sailors captured by Somali pirates suffer from heat, lack of water, found," Pravda, 13 August 2002.
Starr, Barbara. "U.S. Navy Fires on Small Boats Thought to be Pirates," CNN.com, 3 May 2002.
Steele, Selina. "Pirates on Rampage: Australian Vessels Face Rising Danger," Brisbane Sunday Mail, 20 January 2002.

Tian, Tian. "Preparing for the Worst," Shanghai Star, 3 October 2002.

Whithington, Thomas. “Nothing Jolly about New Wave of Pirates,” Scotland on Sunday, 14 July 2002.
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Copeland, Liza. "Crusing Dangers, Part One--Security on Board," SailNet, 18 December 2001.

Halloran, Richard. "Piracy Erodes Security," Honolulu Star-Bulletin. 13 May 2001.

"Killed by Pirates," Sports Illustrated, 6 December 2001.

Matthews, Mark. "The Perils of Piracy," SailNet, 16 July 2001.

Perry, Alex. “Buccaneer Tales in the Pirates’ Lair,” Times Asia.com, 158:7/8 (20-27 August 2001).
Perry, Alex. "Indonesia's Swashbuckling Pirates," TIMEasia.com, 158:7/8 (20-27 August, 2001).
"Pirate: Warship shadowing yacht," Fort Worth Star-Telegram 21 February 2011.
"Pirates refuse to free South Korean seafarers unless jailed comrades are released," Lloyd's List 15 July 2011.
"Pirates seize Danish children in Indian Ocean," BBC News 28 February 2011.
"Pirates target the Maersk Alabama again," CNN 9 March 2011.
Prabhulall, Rajendra. "Pirates Terrorise Essequibo Fishermen at Sea," Guyana Chronicle, 31 October 2001.

Turbiville, Graham H. "Piracy Prompts Renewed Countermeasures," Special Warfare, 14:2 (Spring 2001), 44.

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Bruyneel, Mark. Tale of a Modern Pirate Gang. 21 November 2000, Updated 3 January 2000.
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Cottrill, Ken. "Asia Fights Piracy," Traffic World, 8 May 2000.

Gesteland, Lester J. "High Seas Piracy Thrives Despite Chinese Efforts," China Online,  6 January 2000.
Gildarie, Leonard. "Pirates Attack Four Boats in Atlantic," Stabroek News, 1 August 2000.

Haberstroh, Joe. "Merchant Cadets Train to Fight Pirates," The Detroit News, 3 February 2000.
Hopkins, Frank. "Piracy: Sailing in Harm's Way," Soldier of Fortune, April 2000.
Hopkins, Frank. "Piracy: the New Growth Industry," Soldier of Fortune, March 2000.
Hopkins, Frank. "Piracy: To Give No Quarter," Soldier of Fortune, May 2000.

Krane, Jim. "Keeping Ships and Cargos Safe from Pirates," APBnews.com, 9 June 2000.
Krane, Jim. "Piracy Makes a Comeback," APBnews.com, 9 June 2000.

Menefee, Samuel Pyeatt. "Modern Asian Maritime Crime,"  Mains'l Haul, 36:4 (Fall 2000), 50-54.

Parrott, Susan. "Boy Shot Near Honduras Paralyzed," The Washington Post, 3 April 2000.
Prasannan, R. "Catch of the Century," The Week, 13 February 2000.

"Rise in Piracy Concerns Maritime Group," InforMARE, 18 April 2000.

Working, Russell. "Fight Against Pirates Slowed by China," The Japan Times, 14 May 2000.

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Burke, John. "Modern Piracy, Old-fashioned Terror for Mariners," The Journal of Commerce Online. 3 February 1999.

"Dead Men Tell No Tales," Economist, 18 December 1999.
Dinakar, Sethuraman. "The Jolly Roger Flies High…as Piracy Feeds the Hungry," Business Week Online, 24 May 1999.

Fabey, Michael. "Sitting Ducks?" Latin Trade, September 1999.
Freudmann, Aviva. "Scotland Yard Links Increase in Piracy to Organized Crime," Journal of Commerce Online, 1 February 1999.
Howell, Llewellyn D. "The Open Seas are Becoming No-Man's-Land," USA Today Magazine. May 1999.

Richardson, Michael. "India and China Set Sights on Piracy," International Herald Tribune, 23 November 1999.

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McCutcheon, Shaw. "Yacht Security," Asian Marine, May 1998.

Shaw, Jim. "More Bloodshed as Piracy Escalates," CAN, 23 March 1998.

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Cottrill, Ken. "Modern Marauders," Popular Mechanics, December 1997.

Gibson, Helen. "A Plague of Pirates," Time, 18 August 1997.

"Piracy: the World's Third Oldest Profession," The Scotsman, August 1997.

Webster, Donovan. "Sightings: Desperate Men," South Street Seaport Magazine, Fall, 1997.

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Skull and CrossbonesBooks, Press Releases, & ReportsSkull and Crossbones
BIMCO, ICS, et al. BMP5: Best Management Practices to Deter Piracy and Enhance Maritime Security in the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea. Witherby, 2018.
BIMCO, ICS, et al. Global Counter Piracy Guidance for Companies, Masters and Seafarers. Witherby, 2018.

NT Wing Piracy Circular No. 01 of 2018, Government of India, Ministry of Shipping (21 February 2018).

ReCAAP. Quarterly January-March 2018 Report: Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (April 2018).

Seyle, D. Conor, Karina G. Fernandex, Alexander Dimmitrevich, and Chirag Bahri. "The Long-term Impact of Maritime Piracy on Seafarers' Behavioral Health and Work Decisions," Marine Policy 87 (2018), 23-28.

2016 Annual Report Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia. ReCAAP Information Sharing Centre January 2017.
Addressing Maritime Insecurity in the Horn of Africa. Oceans Beyond Piracy 31 January 2017.
January-June 2017 Half-Yearly Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Ships in Asia. ReCAAP Information Sharing Centre July 2017.
Maritime Piracy Report Sees First Somali Hijackings After Five-year Lull. ICC 5 April 2017.
Risk Focus: Kidnap and Ransom -- Anatomy of West African Maritime Kidnapping - A Guide for Seafarers. UK P&I Club, 2017.

 The Economics of Piracy in South East Asia. The Global Initiative, 21 May 2016.
ISWAN. Humanitarian Support of Seafarers and Their Families in Cases of Armed Robbery and Piracy Attack. June 2016
Maritime Crime Figures for Q1 2016. Dryad Maritime. 8 April 2016.
Maritime Security Charts. ASKET, July 2016.
PROMERC Manual of Non-lethal Counter Piracy Measures. PROMERC, June 2016.
Regional Guide to Counter Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Ships in Asia. ReCAAP ISC. February 2016.
The State of Maritime Piracy 2015. Oceams Beyond Piracy May 2016.
Wilson, Brian. "Human Rights and Maritime Law Enforcement," Stanford Journal of International Law 52:2, July 2016.

2010 to 2015 Government Policy: Piracy Off the Coast of Somalia. Foreign Commonwealth Office & Ministry of Defence. Gov.uk, 8 May 2015.
BMP4 High Risk Area (HRA) reduction, Executive Summary. NYA International 10 August 2015.
Maritime Risk 2014 Review. Control Risks 9 February 2015.

Mavropoulou, Elisabeth, and David Hammond. "Human Rights at Sea review and commentary to ECtHR judgment on award of damages to convicted pirates," Human Rights at Sea 2 January 2015.
Osinowo, Adeniyi Adejimi. African Security Brief: Combating Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea. Africa Center for Strategic Studies ?:30 (February 2015).
Prisoner Survey Notes International Naval Presence as the Primary Deterrent to Pirates. Oceans Beyond Piracy 7 July 2015.
ReCAAP. Report for April 2015: Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia. OCEANUSLive.org 16 May 2015.
SE Asia Piracy: Criminal Networks, Corporate Collusion and Corruption. The Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime 14 September 2015.
The State of Maritime Piracy 2014. Oceans Beyond Piracy 2015.
Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation with Respect to Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea off the Coast of Somalia. United Nations Security Council 12 October 2015.

Benites, Yime, Xue Jianyue, Rodolfo Pazos, and Alicia Wong Jiahui. "Safer Waters: Global Piracy Menace on the Wane," Today 26 March 2014.
Fighting Piracy off the Coast of Somalia: Lessons Learned from the Contact Group. European Union Institute for Security Studies, 28 October 2014.
Guidelines for Owners, Operators and Masters for Protection against Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea Region,  ICC Commercial Crime Services, 2014.
IMB notes concern over small tanker attacks in SE Asia, ICC Commercial Crime Services, 29 October 2014.
Madsen, Jens Vestergaard, Conor Seyle, Kellie Brandt, Ben Purser, Heather Randall, and Kellie Roy. The State of Maritime Piracy 2013. Oceans Beyond Piracy, May 2014.
Palmer, Andrew. The New Pirates: Modern Global Piracy from Somalia to the South China Sea. I. B. Tauris, 2014.
Piracy Situation Risk Assessment, Aburgus Risk Management, April 2014.
Pitney, John J., Jr. and John-Clark Levin. Private Anti-Piracy Navies: How Warships for Hire Are Changing Maritime Security. Lexington, 2014.
Quarterly Report 1st January - 31st March 2014, ReCAAP, 23 April 2014.
ReCAAP Annual Report 2014.
ReCAAP Special Report on Incidents of Siphoning Fuel/Oil at Sea in Asia. OCEANUSLive.org 24 July 2014.
UNCTAD's Trends in Maritime Piracy (2 parts), 22 August 2014.
UNOSAT Global Report on Maritime Piracy: A geospatial analysis 1995-2013. United Nations Institute for Training and Research 2014.

Bellish, John. The Economic Cost of Somali Piracy 2012. Oceans Beyond Piracy, 2013.
Cartner, John A. "White Paper: The Rule of Mammon or the Rule of Law? Critical questions governing the use of armed guards in the fight against maritime piracy," AdvanFort, 2013.
Conradi, Carl. Children and Marine Piracy: Our Work in 2013. The Romeo Dallaire Child Soldiers Initiative, 2013.
Do, Quy-Toan. The Pirates of Somalia: Ending the Threat, Rebuilding a Nation. The World Bank, 6 May 2013.
Drayton, Mike. KRM InDepth: Surviving Pirate Kidnap. KR Magaizine, 17 May 2013.
Erickson, Andrew S., and Austin M. Strange. No Substitute for Experience: Chinese Antipiracy Operations in the Gulf of Aden. US Naval War College, 2013.
Felbab-Brown, Vanda. "The Not-So-Jolly Roger: Dealing with Piracy off the Coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Guinea," Foresight Africa 26 December 2013.
Hribernik, Miha. Countering Maritime Piracy and Robbery in Southeast Asia: The Role of the ReCAAP Agreement. European Institute for Asian Studies, March 2013.
Huggins, Jon, and Liza Kane-Hartnett. Somali Piracy -- Are We at the End Game? Oceans Beyond Piracy, 2013.
IMO Secretary-General welcomes adoption of new west and central Africa piracy and maritime law enforcement code by Heads of State, IMO 26 June 2013.
Information Resources on Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Ships, IMO -- covers 2000 thru 1 November 2013.
Interim Guidance to UK Flagged Shipping on the Use of Armed Guards to Defend Against the Threat of Piracy in Exceptional Circumstances. Department for Transport, 2013.

Maritime Piracy: Strengthening the EU Response. OCEANUSLive.org 11 February 2013.
Maritime Security in the Gulf of Guinea, Chatham House, March 2013.
"Opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee on 'Maritime piracy: strengthening the EU response' (own-initiative opinion)," Official Journal of the European Union 14 March 2013.
Piracy and armed robbery against ships in Asia annual report, ReCAAP, 2013.
 Piracy & Robbery at Sea. OceanusLive.org January 2013.
Pirate attack on Leopard on 12 January 2011, Danish Maritime Accident Investigation Board, 28 October 2013.
Pirate Trails: Tracking the Illicit Financial Flows from Piracy off the Horn of Africa, The World Bank, 2013.
The Pirates of Somalia: Ending the Threat, Rebuilding a Nation. The World Bank, 2013.

ReCAAP ISC Piracy & Sea Robbery Conference 2013: Counter Piracy -- Challenges, Responses, and Lessons Learned, 9 April 2013.
Report of the Secretary-General on the situation with respect to piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia. UN Security Council, 21 October 2013.
Revised Piracy Clauses, BIMCO 19 July 2013.
Savidge, J. L. Hostile Seas: A Mission in Pirate Waters. Dundurn, 2013.
Somalia: Security Council, Adopting Resolution 2125 (2013), Tightens Anti-Piracy Measures, Agrees to Consider Creation of Specialized Courts in Somalia, Broader Region, allAfrica 18 November 2013.
Special Issue: Piracy. Studio Legale Garbarino Vergani February 2013.
Surviving Pirate Kidnap. KR Magazine, 2013.
Three Somali Pirates Sentenced to Life in Prison for Murders of Four Americans Aboard SV Quest, U.S. Attorney's Office, Eastern District of Virginia. The FBI  2 August 2013.

Trelawny, Chris. Attributing Success Factors for Counter-Piracy in a Complex Environment: The Role if IMO in the 'Arms on Board' Debate. 3rd UAE Counter Piracy Conference. Briefing Paper 2013.
United States of America v. Ali Mohamed Ali, Case 1:11-cr-00106-ESH, 31 October 2013.
US Department of State: Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia -- Quarterly Update, Piracy Daily 26 December 2013.
Van Ginkle, Bibi, Frans-Paul van der Putten, and Willem Molenaar. State of Private Protection against Maritime Piracy?: A Dutch Perspective. Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael, February 2013.


Alessi, Christopher, and Stephanie Hanson. "Combating Maritime Piracy," Council on Foreign Relations 23 March 2012.
Andersen. "Former Pirate Alley Commander Terry McKnight Interview," AdvanFort 2012.
Besley, Timothy, Thiemo Fetzer, and Hannes Mueller. The Welfare Cost of Lawlessness: Evidence from Somali Piracy. International Growth Centre 18 November 2012.

Brown, James. "Pirates and Privateers: Managing the Indian Ocean's Private Security Boom," Lowy Institute for International Policy 12 September 2012.
Chandler, Paul and Rachel. Hostage: A Year at Gunpoint with Somali Pirates Chicago Review Press, 2012.
Combating Piracy issue of Proceedings of the Marine Safety & Security Council 69:1 (Spring 2012).
Coping with Capture: Hostage Handbook on Somali Pirates. Danish Maritime Officers and Citadel Solutions, 2012.
Dalaklis, Commander Dimitrios. "Piracy in the Horn of Africa," Maritime Security Review 21 December 2012.
de Groot, Olaf J., Matthew D. Rablen, and Anja Shortland. Baargh-gaining with Somali Pirates. Economics of Security Working Paper 74 (November 2012). European Security Economics.
The EU fight against piracy in the Horn of Africa. European External Action Service March 2012.
Final Report of the International Piracy Ransoms Task Force 11 December 2012.
Garfinkle, Michael Stuart, Craig L. Katz, and Janaka Saratchandra. The Psychological Impact of Piracy on Seafarers. The Seamen's Church Institute, 2012.
Geographical Reach of Somali Piracy: Decade's Review 2001-2011. The Maritime Executive 19 November 2012.
Guidance on Rules for the Use of Force by Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel in Defence of a Merchant Vessel. BIMCO, 28 March 2012.
Haywood, Robert, and Roberta Spivak. Maritime Piracy. Routledge, 2012.
House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee. Piracy off the Coast of Somalia. 5 January 2012.
Hurlburt, Kaija, and International Maritime Bureau. Human Cost of Somali Piracy. Oceans Beyond Piracy and International Maritime Bureau, 2012. (Earlier versions)
Interim Guidelines for Owners, Operators and Masters for protection against piracy in the Gulf of Guinea region. BIMCO 20 December 2012.
Managing the Global Response to Maritime Piracy, Atlantic Council, October 2012.
Maritime Private Security: Market Responses to Piracy, Terrorism and Waterborne Security Risks in the 21st Century
edited by Claude Berube and Patrick Cullen. Routledge, 2012.
Maritime Security International Winter 2012.
McKnight, Terry. Pirate Alley: Commanding Task Force 151 off Somalia. Naval Institute Press, 2012.
NATO's Piracy Statistics for 2012.
"New 'Crow's Nest' anti-piracy system from Chess Dynamics," Quantum Marine Marketing Ltd, 2012.
"New superstructure design couples anti-piracy features with energy savings," Marine Log 8 May 2012.
"Piracy -- Revised International Group FAQs," West of England 11 June 2012.
Ramazzotti, Sergio. "Fighting Piracy," Maritime Security Review 4 May 2012.
Schembri, Alain. "MSR Viewpoint: Maritime Security in the Gulf of Guinea," Maritime Security Review September 2012.
Somali Piracy: 2011 Annual Update. Stratfor Global Intelligence, 13 January 2012.
Thirteenth Plenary Session of the Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia, US Department of State, 11 December 2012.
Turning the Tide on Piracy, Building Somalia's Future: Follow-up report on the EU's Operation Atalanta and beyond, Authority of the House of Lords 24 July 2012 and 21 August 2012.
USS Winston S. Churchill (DDG 81) Public Affairs. "US and China Team Up for Counter-Piracy Exercise," America's Navy 18 September 2012.
Whitman, S., H. Williamson, M. Sloan, and L. Fanning. Children and Youth in Marine Piracy: Causes, Consequences and the Way Forward. Dalhousie Marine Piracy Project, December 2012.
Williams, Nick. "The Manila Amendments," MSR InDepth 30 November 2012.

Anti-Piracy Device Nets Interest, MarineLink.com 26 September 2011.
Australia's Response to Piracy: Legal Issues edited by Andrew Forbes. Papers in Australian Maritime Affairs No. 31, 2011.

Carafano, James Jay, and Jon Rodeback. "Taking the Fight to the Pirates: Applying Counterterrorist Methods to the Threat of Piracy," The Heritage Foundation 4 March 2011.
Bahadur, Jay. The Pirates of Somalia: Inside Their Hidden World. Pantheon, 2011.
The Economic Cost of Piracy by Oceans Beyond Piracy, 2011.
Fighting Pirates with USVs, ASDNews 26 September 2011.
Kraska, James. Contemporary Piracy: International Law, Strategy, and Diplomacy at Sea. Praeger, 2011.
Marley, David F. Modern Piracy: A Reference Handbook. ABC-Clio, 2011.
Murphy, Martin N. Somalia, the New Barbary? Piracy and Islam in the Horn of Africa. Columbia University, 2011.

Cawthorne, Nigel. Pirates of the 21st Century: How Modern-day Buccaneers Are Terrorising the World's Oceans. John Blake, 2010.
Eichstaedt, Peter. Pirate State: Inside Somalia's Terrorism at Sea. Lawrence Hill Books, 2010.
Ellman, Bruce A., Andrew Forbes, and David Rosenberg. Piracy and Maritime Crime: Historical and Modern Case Studies. Naval War College Newport Papers 35. January 2010.
Maritime Piracy. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime 16 June 2010.
Pirates, Ports, and Coasts in Asia: History and Contemporary Perspectives edited by John Kleinen and Manon Osseweijer. International Institute for Asian Studies and Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2010.

Carafano, James Jay, Richard Weitz, and Martin Edwin Andersen. "Maritime security: Fighting piracy in the Gulf of Aden and beyond," The Heritage Foundation 24 June 2009.
Coast Guard issues Maritime Security Directive 104-6 2009.
Corbett, Peter. A Modern Plague of Pirates: Modern Piracy in the 21st Century. Offshore and Marine Publications, 2009.
France’s National Assembly’s Report on Maritime Piracy (13 May 2009). (in French)
Issuance of Instructions and an Order on the Preparations for Dispatching P-3C Patrol Aircraft Concerning Measures against Piracy off the Coast of Somalia and the Gulf of Aden – Japanese Ministry of Defense, 17 April 2009.
"Somali pirates fire on U.S. Navy helicopter," U.S. Naval Forces Central Command Public Affairs, 27 August 2009.

United States Mariner and Vessel Protection Act of 2009 (proposed law)
Pirates, Terrorists, and Warlords: The History, Influence, and Future of Armed Groups around the World edited by Jeffrey H. Norwitz. Skyhorse, 2009.

Chalk, Peter. The Maritime Dimension of International Security: Terrorism, Piracy, and Challenges for the United States. RAND Corporation, 2008.
Resolution 1816 (2008) U. N. Security Council Condemns Acts of Piracy, Armed Robbery off Somalia’s Coast.

Violence at Sea: Piracy in the Age of Global Terrorism edited by Peter Lehr. Routledge, 2007.
Young, Adam J. Contemporary Maritime Piracy in Southeast Asia:History, Causes and Remedies. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2007.

Piracy, Maritime Terrorism and Securing the Malacca Straits edited byGraham Gerard Ong-Webb. International Institute for Asian Studies andthe Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2006.
Stewart, Douglas. The Brutal Seas: Organised Crime at Work. AuthorHouse, 2006.

Johnstone, Paul. "Piracy: a Twenty First Century Problem on the Rise,"Navy League of Australia: Victorian Division. c. 2005.
Puchala, Donald J. “Of Pirates and Terrorists: What Experience and History Teach,” Contemporary Security Policy 26:1 (April 2005), 1-24.

Dillon, Dana R. Southeast Asia and the Brotherhood of Terrorism. HeritageLecture #860, 20 December 2004.
Langerwiesche, William. The Outlaw Sea: a World of Freedom, Chaos, andCrime. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2004.
Piracy in Asia -- Primer. Virtual Information Center, October 2004.

Banker, Scott D. Enemies of Mankind: the Developing Threat of ModernMaritime Piracy and Terrorism. Southwest Missouri State University, 2003.
Hympendahl, Klaus. Pirates Aboard! 40 Cases of Piracy Today and What  Bluewater Cruisers Can Do About It. Sheridan, 2003.

Burnett, John S. Dangerous Waters: Modern Piracy and Terrorism on the High Seas. Dutton, 2002.
Davis, Gregory. Piracy in Southeast Asia: a Growing Threat to the UnitedStates' Vital Strategic and Commercial Interests. Marine Corps Command and Staff College, 2002. [Master's thesis]
Nincic, Donna J. “Chapter 8: Sea Lane Security and U.S. Maritime Trade,”  Globalization and Maritime Power. Institute forNational Strategic Studies, National Defense University, 2002, 143-170.
Teitler, Ger. Piracy in Southeast Asia: a Historical Comparison. MAST (2002).
Thachuk, Kimberley L., and Sam J. Tangredi. "Chapter 4: Transnational Threats and Maritime Responses," Globalization and Maritime Power.Washington, DC: Institute for National Strategic Studies, NationalDefense University, 2002.

Dillon, Dana Robert. “Piracy in Asia: a Growing Barrier to Maritime Trade,” The Heritage Foundation, Backgrounder #1379, 22 June 2000.
Gottschalk, Jack A., and Brian P. Flanagan. Jolly Roger with an Uzi.Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2000.

Kavanagh, John. "The Law of Contemporary Sea Piracy," 1999 Australian International Law Journal.

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs.Subcommittee on Asian and Pacific Affairs. Piracy in the Gulf of Thailand: a Crisis for theInternational Community. USGovernment Printing Office, 1982.

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Skull and
            CrossbonesPodcasts, Speeches, & VideoSkull and Crossbones

"10 months kidnapped at sea: the story of Captain Lubrano," Rome Reports 9 December 2012.

"Anatomy of West African Maritime Kidnap," Safety4Sea 21 October 2016.

Blogginheads (New York Times video): Defeating Pirates, 15 April 2009.

Boyle, John, and Fionn Crow-Howieson. Somali Pirates: Motor Boats Monthly Investigates, 13 December 2013.

Capt. Richard Phillips: "A Captain's Duty", ABC News Radio 9 April 2011.
Captured by Pirates! Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3 of an interview with Captain Colin Darch, captured by Somali pirates 2008.
Counter-piracy in Southeast Asia: The Search for the Orkim Harmony. One Earth Future, 26 April 2016.
Countering Maritime Piracy. UAE Conference 2013.

Danish navy capture Somali pirates, 2008.
Dauer, Christopher. "The Global State of Piracy," IGGA 12 March 2012.

Documentary captures world of Somali pirates, WBEZ's Worldview 8 February 2013. [audio interview]
Donna Hopkins, US State Department Coordinator on Counter Piracy and Maritime Security, Piracy Daily 26 June 2013.

EPP Group demands EU action on ship piracy. 12 October 2011.

Fallon, William, Admiral. “Enhancing Maritime Security Cooperation,” Speech given at the Fifth Plenary Session, IISS Asia Security Conference, Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore, 2005.
Falque, Juan. ¡Piratas!, 28 January 2011.[Spanish documentary on Somalian piracy with English subtitles.]
Fighting piracy on the high seas, The Times of India January 2013.

A Glimpse into the lives of Somali pirates, gCaptain 4 October 2013.
Gulf of Guinea piracy updates, IHS Maritime 17 December 2013.

Harper, Mary. Chasing West Africa's Pirates. BBC News November 2014.
Hean, Teo Chee. "Asia-Pacific Armed Forces and Counter-Terrorism," Speech given at Fourth Plenary Session, IISS Asia Security Conference, Shangri-La Dialogue, 2005.
Hipple, Matt. Sea Control 117 - Niger Delta Pirates Declare War? Center for International Maritime Security 2 May 2016.
Hoge, Warren. "Interview with Jon Huggins, Director of Oceans Beyond Piracy," Global Observatory 18 December 2012.
"How ReCAAP ISC Works to Combat Asian Piracy," Safety4 Sea 27 June 2018.
"The Human Cost of Piracy," The National 21 June 2012.
The Human Cost of Piracy from NATO at Old Salt Blog 19 September 2012.
Hunting Somali pirates form the air, BBC News 27 August 2012.

IMB Director Pottengal Mukumdan and USCG's Robert Gauvin on Piracy in West Africa, Piracy Daily 23 September 2013.
"Inside Somalia with the pirates," Channel 4 News 14 January 2012. (includes interview with pirate, former pirate captive, and others & interview with Admiral Lord West on anti-piracy guidelines)

Karazhanchess. Private security guards shoot Somali pirates. Live Leak, 5 April 2012.
Kelso, Maria. "How Privately Owned Warships are Combating Piracy and Terrorism," The Foundry 19 December 2013.

Levin, John-Clark. Private Anti-Piracy Navies: How Warships for Hire Are Changing Maritime Security. The Heritage Foundation 6 December 2013.
The Life of Georgian and Turkish Hostages in Somalia, 10 November 2011.
Loong, Lee Hsien. "Securing the Future for a New Asia," Keynote Address given at IISS Asia Security Conference, Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore on 3 June 2005.
New podcast"Lydelle Joubert of StableSeas.org," Under the Crossbones 15 January 2019.

Mann, Brian. "In Whallonsburg, real star of 'Captain Phillips' talks modern piracy," North Country Public Radio, 27 February 2014.
Mitigation Tactics Stemming the Tide of Sea Piracy, A. M. Best, 16 December 2013.

New York Times Podcast: John S. Burnett discusses pirates on 23 April 2008.
Non-violent Measures Against Pirates. Maritime Security Alliance. April 2016.

Patrolling for Pirates in Somali Waters, CNN 8 May 2013.

Pearlman, Jeff. Piraterrorism: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6
Phillips: Just Arming Crews Won’t Stop Piracy
Pinsker, Joe. The Pirate Economy, The Atlantic 16 April 2014. (slides)
Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea: No Justice for Seafarers. One Earth Future, 26 April 2016.
Piracy Mitigation Strategies -- A Video Webcast Series, December 2012-December 2013.

Pirate Coast -- Somalia, Journeyman.tv, 25 July 2011.
Pirates recorded series by Nick Rankin, BBC Radio.
The Pirates of Somali” [slide show], New York Times, 30 October 2008.

The Problem of Piracy Affects Us All. Save Our Seafarers.

Radio Reporter Exposes Somali Piracy, 13 November 2012.
Razak, Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Haji Abd. "Enhancing Maritime Security Cooperation," Address given at Fifth Plenary Session, IISS Asia Security Conference, Shangri-La Dialogue, Singapore, 2005.
The Real Maersk Alabama pirate history, Bartamaha 22 June 2009.
The Reality of Piracy: Seafarer Dipendra Singh Rathore's video interview in September 2011 on being captured and held hostage by Somali pirates.

Save Our Seafarers's Channel
Scholtssyk, Lars. Piracy, down in Somalia, on the rise elsewhere. DW, 17 September 2015.
Secure-Ship Video

Sekimizu, Koji. "Opening address," Maritime Safety Committee (MSC), 90th session, 15 to 25 May 2012: High-level segment on arms on board). IMO, 16 May 2012.

The Serious Problem of Modern High Seas Piracy, Presentation given at Port of Chicago on 20 November 2000 (with 2005 update).
Somali Piracy: Resetting the Stage? One Earth Future, 26 April 2016.
The 'Somali pirates' who are not what they seem, 4 News 2 April 2013.

Somali Pirates on RearVision 27 April 2011.
Somali Pirates Backed by Gov't Officials? Voice of America On Assignment 20 May 2013.
Somali pirates given life sentences for killing 4 Americans, WVEC.com 1 August 2013.
Stolen Seas: Tales of Somali Piracy
A Sustainable Solution to Somali Piracy -- Part 1 and Part 2, 18 December 2012.
Sustaining the Effort: Combating Somali Piracy, One Earth Future, 26 April 2017.

Taking a Stand: East Africa piracy from the perspective of a merchant captain, BBC Radio 4, 1 January 2010.
Taking on the pirates, NATO, 17 April 2012.
Thymaya Payne talks about Somali piracy and Stolen Seas, 2011.

"UK forces free ship's crew from Somali pirates," Channel 4 News 11 October 2011.

Villarejo, Esteban. "Spanish Navy's first UAV to spy on Somali pirates," OCEANUSLive.org 28 July 2013.

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Skull and CrossbonesWeb SitesSkull and Crossbones
11 Companies Offering Maritime Security Services

Anti-piracy. MARAD
Armed Piracy Defense
The Association Veterans of Special Troops

Beazley's Gulf of Guinea Piracy Plus (insurance)

Bruyneel, Mark. Modern Piracy
Burnett, John S. Dangerous Waters

Communis Hostis Omnium
Counter Piracy and Maritime Security (US Department of State)

UNICRI Database on Maritime Piracy Court Cases
Dryad Maritime

Federation of ASEAN Shipowners’ Association

History of Pirates in Somalia

Idarat Maritime
IMB Piracy Reporting Centre
Intelligence Resource Program: Pirates
International Maritime Security Corporation's Entanglement System
International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)
International Maritime Organization
INTERPOL: Maritime Piracy

Maritime & Underwater Security Consultants
Maritime Piracy -- Humanitarian Response
Maritime Safety Information - ONI
Maritime Security Alliance
Maritime Security Centre
Maritime Security Review

MarSec Union

Oceans Beyond Piracy

Piracy at noonsite.com: the Global Site for Cruising Sailors
Piracy at Sea, The Guardian
Piracy Daily
Piracy in the Nineties

Piracy off the coast of Somalia. UK Policy Papers. Gov.uk.
Piracy Statistics, NATO Shipping Centre
Piracy Studies
Prevent Piracy: Plan, Prepare, Protect (Anti-piracy Poster)


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